2002 Progress Report: Alabama Center For Estuarine Studies (ACES)

EPA Grant Number: R827072
Alternative EPA Grant Number: R830651 and R833503
Center: Alabama Center For Estuarine Studies (ACES)
Center Director: Shipp, Robert L.
Title: Alabama Center For Estuarine Studies (ACES)
Investigators: Shipp, Robert L. , Heck, Kenneth L. , Wolfe, James L.
Institution: University of South Alabama
EPA Project Officer: Packard, Benjamin H
Project Period: November 15, 1998 through December 31, 2002 (Extended to June 30, 2009)
Project Period Covered by this Report: November 15, 2001 through December 31, 2002
Project Amount: $3,846,600
RFA: Alabama Center For Estuarine Studies (ACES) (1999) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Targeted Research


The primary goals of the Alabama Center for Estuarine Studies (ACES) are: (1) the use of sustained experimentation and observation to understand how the most common, human-induced modifications of the coastal zone produce changes in ecosystem structure and function; and (2) the application of this understanding to develop prudent management strategies for sustaining the productivity of our coastal land and seascapes.

Progress Summary:

This is the fourth annual report of activities of ACES. The following list of program development activities has been established, completed, and updated as necessary during this and the previous years of operation.

• The Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) was previously established in collaboration with our U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Project Officer. Changes have taken place within the SAC. One member of the SAC has rotated off the committee, and there is an ongoing search to replace this member. The member leaving the committee was Dr. Ken Rose, Louisiana State University Coastal Fisheries Institute, Professor (Modeler/Statistician). A curriculum vita of the new member will be provided as soon as this position is filled.

• The Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Officer, who is responsible for overseeing the ACES QA plan, for reviewing QA compliance of all ACES-sponsored studies, and for regularly reporting quality issues to the Director, received, reviewed, and approved the QA/QC plans for the fifth-round proposals approved for funding in this project year. During the period, the QA/QC Officer also completed a comprehensive Quality Management Plan (QMP) for the ACES program. The QMP is attached to this report.

• The Data Base Administrator worked with investigators to ensure the quality of data generated by ACES-sponsored programs and continues to maintain the ACES database, including uploading the annual reports from 2001 and 2002.

• In addition, a Web site (http://www.southalabama.edu/aces Exit ) has been established and is maintained on a regular basis to serve ACES principal investigators and the scientific community at large.

• The Director and Assistant Director continue to oversee the annual ACES operating budget, monitor the performance of the grantees, advise potential investigators on proposal preparation, and review the annual project reports. They also work with the administrative assistant to coordinate the annual SAC meeting and project presentations and assign the proposals for review by the appropriate SAC members. As members of the SAC, they continue to perform annual reviews on the incoming proposals submitted for funding.

• The Administrative Assistant provided administrative support for the Director, Assistant Director, Center staff, and investigators, maintaining essential records and documents, and served as the point of contact for those interested in receiving information about the Center's activities. The Administrative Assistant processed the annual reports from Rounds 1-4 and Round 5 proposals, assisted in coordination of the SAC meeting for these proposals, and published the Round 6 Request for Proposals, as well as performed correspondence and maintenance of ACES documents.

• A Request for Proposals (RFP) was developed and distributed in 1998. Sixteen proposals were received in response to this RFP, with six projects funded. In 1999, a second RFP was developed and distributed. Twenty-two proposals were received in response to this RFP, with eight receiving funding. In 2000, a third RFP was developed and distributed, and 12 proposals were received in response. Of these 12 proposals, 10 projects were funded, as well as a revised proposal submitted in 1999. The fourth call for proposals was announced on January 18, 2001, with a response of 21 proposals received by the March 2, 2001, deadline. Twelve of these received funding in 2001. Seventeen proposals were received after the 2002 RFP was published on February 18, 2002; 13 of these proposals were funded after review by the SAC on May 16 and 17, 2002. After receiving acceptable QA/QC plans, accounts were established for the funded projects, and work is underway. A detailed listing of the funded proposals follows.

Douglas W. Haywick, Miriam L. Fearn, David T. Allison, Keith G. Blackwell, Lee S. Yokel. Holocene sedimentary history of Weeks Bay, AL: human and natural impacts on deposition in a Gulf Coast estuary. $145K/36 months.

David Nelson, Thane Wibbels, Ken Marion. Evaluation of Alabama estuaries as development habitat for juvenile sea turtles. $50K/24 months.

J. Steven Picou, Cecelia Formichella, G. David Johnson, Keith Nicholls. Environmental attitudes and knowledge of Alabama coastal residents: a baseline for developing sustainable coastal management strategies. $80K/12 months.

William M. Graham, Kenneth L. Heck, Jr. Recruitment potential of sea nettle (Chrysaora quinquecirrha) polyps around natural and artificial substrates in Mobile Bay. $15K/14 months.

Ronald P. Kiene. Effects of salinity stress on natural and anthropogenically-derived bacteria in estuarine environments. $54K/24 months.

Kenneth L. Heck, Jr., John F. Valentine, James H. Cowan, Jr., Dennis DeVries. Fisheries-induced changes in the structure and function of water "nursery" habitats: an experimental assessment. $261K/36 months.

Eugene A. Cioffi. Fluorescent whitening agents as facile pollution markers in shellfishing waters. $28K/24 months.

William M. Graham. Interaction between water-column structure and reproduction in jellyfish populations of Mobile Bay. $32K/24 months.

Timothy D. Sherman. Investigation of the use of pulse amplitude modulated (PAM) fluorometry as an indicator of submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) health in Mobile Bay. $15K/16 months.

Scott L. Douglass, Judy P. Stout. Stabilization of eroding shorelines in estuarine wave eliminates with constructed fringe wetlands incorporating offshore breakwaters. $131K/36 months.

Ronald P. Kiene, Jonathan R. Pennock, Florence I.M. Thomas. Effects of variation in river discharge and wind-driven resuspension on lower trophic levels in the Mobile Bay ecosystem. $300K/36 months.

James H. Cowan, Jr., Arvind K. Shah. Red snapper demographics on artificial reefs: the effects of nearest-neighbor dynamics. $102K/24 months.

Jonathan R. Pennock, Ronald P. Kiene. The role of land-use/land-cover and river/river-margin denitrification in the regulation of nitrogen delivery to the Mobile Bay ecosystem. $120K/24 months.

James H. Cowan, Jr., John F. Valentine, William M. Graham. Effects of variation in river discharge and wind-driven resuspension on higher trophic levels in the Mobile Bay ecosystem. $304K/36 months.

Justin M. Sanders, Douglas W. Haywick, Miriam L. Fearn. Resolution of sedimentation rates in impacted coastal environments using 137Cs Markers: Dog River and Fowl River embayments. $66,041/24 months.

Kenneth L. Heck, Jr., Per Moksnes. Shelter bottlenecks and self-regulation in blue crab populations: assessing the roles of nursery habitats and juvenile interactions for shelter dependent organisms. $57,152/24 months.

D. Mark Carpenter, Madhuri S. Mulekar, James F. Cruise. Remotely sensed data acquisition for Mobile Bay land-use/land change study. $29,568/12 months.

Naomi F. Campbell. Synthesis and characterization of an electrochemical peptide nucleic acid probe. $38,872/15 months.

Scott C. Dorman, Wayne C. Isphording. Methods comparison between stripping voltammetry and plasma emission spectroscopy for metals in Mobile Bay. $34,619/12 months.

JC Zheng, KD White. Development of nested 3-D large eddy simulation modeling of the Mobile Bay estuary. $72,830/24 months.

David Nelson, Thane Wibbels, Ken Marion. Are Alabama estuaries a major developmental habitat for juvenile sea turtles? $27,769/12 months.

Anne A. Boettcher, Timothy D. Sherman, Charles D. Amsler, James B. McClintock, John F. Valentine. Role of invasive species in shaping plant-animal interactions in the delta. $34,113/12 months.

John W. McReadie. The paradox of the delta: protecting the biodiversity we do not yet understand. $35,112/12 months.

Just Cebrian, Jonathan R. Pennock. Effects of anthropogenic eutrophication on the magnitude and trophic fate of microphytobenthic predation estuaries. $35,280/12 months.

John F. Valentine, Timothy Sherman, James H. Cowan. Food web interactions, spatial subsidies and the flow of energy between the Mobile Bay delta and offshore waters: a SGER proposal to ACES. $22,348/12 months.

John F. Valentine, Anna M. Cinkovich. The influence of shallow water hydrodynamics on the importance of seagrass detritus in estuarine food webs. $26,030/12 months.

Ronald P. Kiene. Osmolytes and their role as antioxidants in the salt marsh macrophyte Spartina alterniflora. $26,264/12 months.

Timothy D. Sherman, Anne A. Boettcher. Role of invasive species in shaping diversity of aquatic vegetation in the Mobile-Tensaw River delta. $33,162/12months.

Qin Jim Chen, Scott L. Douglass. Characteristics of ship waves and wind waves in Mobile Bay. $25,480/12 months.

Charles L. Brockhouse, John W. McCreadie. A model for genetic diversity in aquatic insects of the Mobile/Tensaw delta. $34,103/12 months.

John W. McCreadie, Peter H. Adler. Total insect bio-inventory project of the Mobile/Tensaw delta: documenting Alabama's natural diversity. $39,517/12 months.

Anne A. Boettcher, Judith Shardo, Jon Hemming. Effects of estrogen pollution on the reproductive fitness of the Gulf pipefish, Syngnathus scovelli. $48,816/18 months.

J. Steven Picou, Keith Nicholls. Monitoring environmental and policy orientations of Alabama residents: a longitudinal data base for Alabama coastal zone management. $55,383/12 months.

Miriam Lee Fearn, Douglas W. Haywick, Justin M. Sanders. Changes in water conditions and sedimentation rates associated with construction of the Mobile Bay causeway. $112,280/24 months.

Kenneth L. Heck, Jr., John F. Valentine, Jonathan R. Pennock. Predicting seagrass survival in nutrient enriched waters: toward a new view of an existing paradigm. $105,825/12 months.

Alvin P. Rainosek, William F. Patterson, III, James H. Cowan, Jr. Natural biogeochemical tags of striped mullet, Mugil cephalus, estuarine nursery areas in the north central Gulf of Mexico. $87,755/18 months.

Just Cebrian. Evaluating trophic processes as indicators of anthropogenic eutrophication in coastal ecosystems: an exploratory analysis. $32,929/12 months.

Kelly M. Major, Clinton S. Major. A preliminary survey of macroalgal and aquatic plant distribution in the Mobile-Tensaw delta. $28,091/12 months.

John W. McCreadie. The University of South Alabama arthropod depository. $16,228/12 months

Kenneth L. Heck, Jr., Matthew W. Johnson. The role of habitat fragmentation on the structure and function of seagrass ecosystems in the northern Gulf of Mexico. $30,317/12 months.

John F. Valentine, Anna M. Cinkovich. The influence of shallow water hydrodynamics on the importance of seagrass detritus in estuarine food webs: a supplemental request. $17,680/12 months.

Norris W. Hoffman, James H. Davis, Jr. Sequestration of heavy metals in Mobile Bay sediments by products of Maillard-Reaction protein crosslinking. $28,635/24 months.

Kenneth L. Heck, Jr., John F .Valentine, Patricia M. Spitzer. Predicting seagrass survival in nutrient enriched waters: toward a new view of an existing paradigm. $105,825/24 months

Qin Jim Chen, Scott L. Douglass, David Nelson, Thane Wibbels, Ken Marion. The correlation of wave energy, shoreline erosion and intertidal habitat loss in Mobile Bay. $99,014/26 months.

Survey and satellite tracking of juvenile sea turtles in Alabama estuaries and coastal waters. $34,323/12 months.

David H. Nelson. Nesting activity in the Alabama Redbelly turtle (Pseudemys alabamensis) on the Mobile Bay causeway. $25,467/12 months.

Ronald P. Kiene. DMSP and its role as an antioxidant in the salt marsh macrophyte Spartina alterniflora. $26,656/12 months

Richard B. Aronson. Determinants of small-scale variation in the abundance of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus. $22,121/12 months

John W. Foster, Asim Bej. Cold-induced hibernation of marine vibrios in the Gulf of Mexico: a study of cell-cell communication and dormancy in Vibrio vulnificus. $142,738/24 months.

Just Cebrian. Interactions between anthropogenic eutrophication and the black needlerush (Juncus roemerianus) marsh in the Gulf of Mexico: how is eutrophication affecting the marsh ecological role and to what extent can the marsh palliate the impact of eutrophication on coastal waters? $135,589/36 months.

Future Activities:

In round six, ACES again will provide two levels of support for projects, similar to those used by the National Science Foundation's Ocean Sciences Division: Regular Grants, which will include multi-year funding in the amounts of $50-$150K annually and will be subject to rigorous peer review; and Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER), with funding typically for 1 or possibly 2 years in the range of $10-30K per year, and greater flexibility for investigators to initiate new areas of study or develop proof of concept for potentially risky research efforts.

Journal Articles: 5 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other center views: All 86 publications 5 publications in selected types All 5 journal articles
Type Citation Sub Project Document Sources
Journal Article Chen Q, Zhao H, Hu K, Douglass SL. Prediction of wind waves in a shallow estuary. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering 2005;131(4):137-148. R827072C022 (2002)
R827072C022 (Final)
  • Abstract: ASCE Abstract
  • Journal Article Kiene RP, Aikens M, Linn L, Axell M. Factors affecting bacterial production and growth efficiency in a large estuary subject to frequent sediment resuspension. Aquatic Microbial Ecology. R827072C010 (2002)
    not available
    Journal Article Kiene RP, Axell M. Response of estuarine bacterioplankton to acute osmotic stress. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. R827072C012 (2002)
    not available
    Journal Article Major KM. Diversity in the Mobile-Tensaw Delta. The Mobile Register. R827072C001 (2002)
    R827072C008 (2002)
    not available
    Journal Article Osland M, Kiene RP. Influence of natural sediment resuspension events on size fractionated plankton respiration in lower Mobile Bay, Alabama. Estuaries. R827072C010 (2002)
    not available

    Supplemental Keywords:

    coastal zone, quality assurance/quality control, QA/QC, anthropogenic, marine science, Gulf of Mexico, ecosystem, ecosystem protection, ecology, ecological effects, ecological indicators, environmental exposure, environmental risk, geographic area, water, water use, aquatic ecosystem, coastal ecosystem, coastal environments, estuary, estuaries, estuarine research, estuarine waters, environmental chemistry, chemistry, chemical engineering, ecology, risk, assessment, indicators, human health, Alabama, AL, Region 4, Gulf Coast, coastal environment, artificial reef design, human modifications, land use, fishery sampling., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Geographic Area, Water, ECOSYSTEMS, Ecosystem Protection/Environmental Exposure & Risk, Chemical Engineering, Aquatic Ecosystems & Estuarine Research, Ecology, estuarine research, Environmental Chemistry, Ecosystem/Assessment/Indicators, Ecosystem Protection, State, Chemistry, Restoration, Aquatic Ecosystem, Ecological Effects - Environmental Exposure & Risk, Aquatic Ecosystems, Monitoring/Modeling, Ecological Risk Assessment, Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration, Ecological Indicators, water use, coastal ecosystem, plant-animal interactions, watersheds, estuaries, biodiversity, Alabama (AL), coastal environments, algal blooms, ecosystem, estuarine waters, invasive species, water quality, human modifications, fishery sampling

    Relevant Websites:

    http://www.southalabama.edu/aces Exit

    Progress and Final Reports:

    Original Abstract
  • 1999
  • 2000
  • 2001
  • 2003
  • 2004
  • 2005
  • 2006
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • Final
  • Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R827072C001 Fluorescent Whitening Agents As Facile Pollution Markers In Shellfishing Waters
    R827072C002 Red Snapper Demographics on Artificial Reefs: The Effect of Nearest-Neighbor Dynamics
    R827072C003 Stabilization of Eroding Shorelines in Estuarine Wave Eliminates with Constructed Fringe Wetlands Incorporating Offshore Breakwaters
    R827072C004 Interaction Between Water Column Structure and Reproduction in Jellyfish Populations Of Mobile Bay (SGER)
    R827072C005 Effects of Variation in River Discharge and Wind-Driven Resuspension on Higher Trophic Levels in the Mobile Bay Ecosystem
    R827072C006 Results of Zooplankton Component
    R827072C007 Benthic Study Component
    R827072C008 A Preliminary Survey of Macroalgal and Aquatic Plant Distribution in the Mobile Tensaw Delta
    R827072C009 Fisheries-induced changes in the structure and function of shallow water "nursery habitats": an experimental assessment
    R827072C010 Effects Of Variation in River Discharge and Wind-Driven Resuspension on Lower Trophic Levels of the Mobile Bay Ecosystem
    R827072C011 Evaluation of Alabama Estuaries as Developmental Habitat for Juvenile Sea Turtles
    R827072C012 Effects of Salinity Stress on Natural and Anthropogenically-Derived Bacteria in Estuarine Environments
    R827072C013 The Role of Land-Use/Land-Cover and Sub-estuarine Ecosystem Nitrogen Cycling in the Regulation of Nitrogen Delivery to a River Dominated Estuary; Mobile Bay, Alabama
    R827072C014 Environmental Attitudes of Alabama Coastal Residents: Public Opinion Polls and Environmental Policy
    R827072C015 Synthesis and Characterization of an Electrochemical Peptide Nucleic Acid Probe
    R827072C016 Determinants of Small-Scale Variation in the Abundance of the Blue Crab Callinectes Sapidus
    R827072C017 Effects of Estrogen Pollution on the Reproductive Fitness of the Gulf Pipefish, Syngnathus scovelli
    R827072C019 A Model for Genetic Diversity Aquatic Insects of the Mobile/Tensaw River Delta
    R827072C020 Evaluating Trophic Processes as Indicators of Anthropogenic Eutrophication in Coastal Ecosystems: An Exploratory Analysis
    R827072C021 Effects of Anthropogenic Eutrophication on the Magnitude and Trophic Fate of Microphytobenthic Production in Estuaries
    R827072C022 Characteristics of Ship Waves and Wind Waves in Mobile Bay
    R827072C023 Methods Comparison Between Stripping Voltammetry and Plasma Emission Spectroscopy for Metals in Mobile Bay
    R827072C024 Changes in Water Conditions and Sedimentation Rates Associated With Construction of the Mobile Bay Causeway
    R827072C025 Cold-Induced Hibernation of Marine Vibrios in the Gulf of Mexico: A Study of Cell-Cell Communication and Dormancy in Vibrio vulnificus
    R827072C026 Holocene Sedimentary History of Weeks Bay, AL: Human and Natural Impacts on Deposition in a Gulf Coast Estuary
    R827072C027 Shelter Bottlenecks and Self-Regulation in Blue Crab Populations: Assessing the Roles of Nursery Habitats and Juvenile Interactions for Shelter Dependent Organisms
    R827072C028 Predicting Seagrass Survival in Nutrient Enriched Waters: Toward a New View of an Existing Paradigm
    R827072C029 DMSP and its Role as an Antioxidant in the Salt Marsh Macrophyte Spartina alterniflora
    R827072C030 A Preliminary Survey of Aerial and Ground-Dwelling Insects of the Mobile/Tensaw Delta
    R827072C031 Natural Biogeochemical Tags of Striped Mullet, Mugil cephalus, Estuarine Nursery Areas in the North Central Gulf of Mexico
    R827072C032 Resolution of Sedimentation Rates in Impacted Coastal Environments Using 137Cs and 210Pb Markers: Dog River and Fowl River Embayments
    R827072C033 Investigation of the Use of Pulse Amplitude Modulated (PAM) Fluorometry as an Indicator of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Health in Mobile Bay
    R827072C034 Influence of Invasive Plant Species in Determining Diversity of Aquatic Vegetation in the Mobile-Tensaw Delta
    R827072C035 The Influence of Shallow Water Hydrodynamics on the Importance of Seagrass Detritus in Estuarine Food Webs
    R827072C036 Food Web Interactions, Spatial Subsidies and the Flow of Energy Between the Mobile Bay Delta and Offshore Waters: A SGER Proposal to the Alabama Center for Estuarine Studies
    R830651C001 Meteorological Modeling of Hurricanes and Coastal Interactions: A Stability Study For Vertical Pressure Levels
    R830651C002 Characterization of Glycoprotein Cues Used by the Parasitic Rhizocephalan Barnacle Loxothylacus texanus To Identify Its Blue Crab Host, Callinectes sapidus
    R830651C003 Survey of Diamondback Terrapin Populations in Alabama Estuaries
    R830651C004 An Assessment of Environmental Contaminant Levels in Water and Dragonfly Larvae Tissues from the Mobile/Tensaw Delta