A New Compact Portable Field Instrument for Continuous Real-Time Measurement of Trace Organic Air Pollution Emissions Using Jet-REMPI Mass Spectrometry

EPA Contract Number: 68D02034
Title: A New Compact Portable Field Instrument for Continuous Real-Time Measurement of Trace Organic Air Pollution Emissions Using Jet-REMPI Mass Spectrometry
Investigators: Margalith, Eli
Current Investigators: Barnes, Rhett James
Small Business: OPOTEK Inc.
EPA Contact: Manager, SBIR Program
Phase: I
Project Period: April 1, 2002 through September 1, 2002
Project Amount: $69,995
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase I (2002) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Ecological Indicators/Assessment/Restoration , SBIR - Monitoring , Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)

Description:

The goal of this project is to couple a compact tunable ultraviolet laser system with a jet-resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) time-of-flight mass spectrometer to provide a fieldable system for real-time concentration measurements of aromatic hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) in urban air environments. The jet-REMPI technique already has proven to be powerful for the measurement of HAPs at low detection limits (ppt) with high chemical specificity. However, this technique currently requires a complex and delicate laser source, which confines the instrument to the laboratory. By developing a truly portable device, measurements can be taken in the field with both high temporal and spatial resolution, data that are essential components of emissions modeling, dispersion modeling, source apportionment, and ultimately, human exposure modeling. This information cannot reliably be estimated or inferred by any current method, but must be acquired through actual field measurements under typical, time-varying ambient human exposure conditions. Despite the need for such data, reliable ambient concentrations have been measured for fewer than 40 percent of the 189 HAPs, which lends urgency to the development of a field jet-REMPI instrument to help fill gaps in the data.

Phase I research will involve the design of a compact optical parametric oscillator laser specifically tailored for the jet-REMPI application and testing of the laser on the current mass spectrometer system at SRI International. Measurements with calibrated simulated air samples will be made for both neat compounds and mixtures of HAPs. The detection limits and chemical specificity performance of the system will be compared with the results already obtained at SRI. With performance validation, a design for a complete integrated jet-REMPI system for Phase II field tests will be generated.

Supplemental Keywords:

small business, SBIR, organic air pollution, hazardous air pollutants, jet-resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization, mass spectrometry, monitoring, real-time measurement., RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, Air, Ecosystem Protection/Environmental Exposure & Risk, Chemical Engineering, Environmental Chemistry, Risk Assessments, Monitoring/Modeling, Analytical Chemistry, Environmental Monitoring, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, Environmental Engineering, atmospheric measurement, chemical exposure, atmospheric measurements, monitoring, urban air quality, aerosol particles, field portable systems, mass spectrometry, real-time spectroscopic method, ambient particle properties, chemical characteristics, continuous measurement, air pollution concentrations, HAPS, hazardous air pollutants, continuous monitoring, air pollution, chemical composition, chemical detection techniques, field monitoring, human exposure, continuous emissions monitoring, air quality field measurements, real time monitoring, urban air , Jet REMPI mass spectrometry, assessment technology, ambient air pollution, airborne urban contaminants, human health risk, atmospheric chemistry

Progress and Final Reports:

  • Final Report
  • SBIR Phase II:

    A New Compact Portable Field Instrument for Continuous Real-Time Measurement of Trace Organic Air Pollution Emissions Using Jet-REMPI Mass Spectrometry  | Final Report