Ecological Assessment of the Phototoxic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Fluoranthene in Freshwater Systems

EPA Grant Number: R823873
Title: Ecological Assessment of the Phototoxic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Fluoranthene in Freshwater Systems
Investigators: Oris, James T. , Burton, Jr., G. Allen , Guttman, Sheldon I.
Institution: Miami University , Wright State University - Main Campus
Current Institution: Miami University - Oxford , Wright State University - Main Campus
EPA Project Officer: Manty, Dale
Project Period: October 1, 1995 through October 1, 1998
Project Amount: $505,274
RFA: Exploratory Research - Environmental Biology (1995) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Biology/Life Sciences , Health , Ecosystems

Description:

The overall objective of the proposed studies is to determine the environmental hazard of phototoxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) to freshwater fish and invertebrates. Previous investigations and research in progress have defined several important aspects of the photo-induced toxicity of several PAH. However, there are many environmental factors that still require examination, and predictions of photo-induced toxicity have not been rigorously validated in the field. In addition, the importance of genetic variation within a population of PAH exposed organisms has also not been thoroughly evaluated. If the photo-induced toxicity of PAH to fish is determined to be a potential hazard under natural conditions, then the assessment of PAH impact must include considerations of factors regulating this phenomenon. Because hazard is determined by the levels of toxicity, exposure, and genetic variability, the factors involved in the expression of toxicity, the various routes of exposure and bioaccumulation, and differential genetic sensitivity are to be examined. Effects due to dissolved organic carbon, particulate inorganic matter and primary reproduction will be examined. Routes of exposure from food and from sediments will also be examined in the proposed studies. In addition, differential genetic sensitivity to fluoranthene under the influence of these factors will be assessed. Finally, microcosm studies and in situ field experiments will be used to validate laboratory studies and predictions.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this project: View all 43 publications for this project

Journal Articles:

Journal Articles have been submitted on this project: View all 12 journal articles for this project

Supplemental Keywords:

RFA, Scientific Discipline, Waste, Water, Ecosystem Protection/Environmental Exposure & Risk, Ecology, Contaminated Sediments, exploratory research environmental biology, Ecosystem/Assessment/Indicators, Chemical Mixtures - Environmental Exposure & Risk, Ecosystem Protection, Ecological Effects - Environmental Exposure & Risk, Ecological Effects - Human Health, Ecological Risk Assessment, Ecology and Ecosystems, Ecological Indicators, ecological exposure, ecological effects, flouranthene, photoreactivation, contaminated sediment, bioavailability, microcosm studies, PAH, ecological assessment, photo-induced toxicity, fish , genetic differentiation, exposure assessment

Progress and Final Reports:

Final Report