Pollution Prevention and Enhancement of Biodegradability via Isomer Elimination in Consumer Products

EPA Grant Number: R823360
Title: Pollution Prevention and Enhancement of Biodegradability via Isomer Elimination in Consumer Products
Investigators: Armstrong, Daniel W.
Institution: University of Missouri - Rolla
EPA Project Officer: Shapiro, Paul
Project Period: October 1, 1995 through September 30, 1998
Project Amount: $269,020
RFA: Exploratory Research - Engineering (1995) Recipients Lists
Research Category: Engineering and Environmental Chemistry , Land and Waste Management

Description:

The purpose of this project is to develop novel methodologies for the analysis and detection of chiral environmental contaminants. Conventional analytical techniques do not discriminate between enantiomers. By using newly developed enantioselective methods, the environmental persistence, degradation and pathways of many chiral compounds can be discerned for the first time. The mechanism and use of these new techniques are being investigated. The main analytical methodologies that are used and modified are: gas chromatography (GC), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), capillary electrophoresis (CE) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). New chiral selectors are being developed and tested for all of these techniques.

Supplemental Keywords:

risk management, risk reduction, pollution prevention, waste reduction, analytical methodologies, consumer products, biodegradability, isomer elimination, novel methodology, chiral environmental contaminaants, enantiomers, enantio-selective methods, gas chromatography(GC), high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), capillary electrophoresis(CE), electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry(ESI-MS), Scientific Discipline, Sustainable Industry/Business, cleaner production/pollution prevention, Environmental Chemistry, Chemistry, Engineering, biodegradability, cleaner production, waste minimization, waste reduction, mass spectrometry, gas chromatography, HPLC, chiral compounds, pollution prevention, source reduction

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 1996
  • 1997
  • Final