Uptake of Sediment-Associated Contaminants by the Deposit-Feeding Amphipod Leptocheirus Plumulosus (Shoemaker): Effects of Natural Sediment Qualities

EPA Grant Number: GF9500166
Title: Uptake of Sediment-Associated Contaminants by the Deposit-Feeding Amphipod Leptocheirus Plumulosus (Shoemaker): Effects of Natural Sediment Qualities
Investigators: Schlekat, Christian
Institution: University of South Carolina at Columbia
EPA Project Officer: Michaud, Jayne
Project Period: June 1, 1995 through January 1, 2000
Project Amount: $29,280
RFA: STAR Graduate Fellowships (1995) Recipients Lists
Research Category: Academic Fellowships , Ecological Indicators/Assessment/Restoration , Fellowship - Ecology


The primary focus of this research is to determine if contaminants associated with labile forms of sediment organic carbon are more bioavailable to deposit feeders than those associated with refractory organic carbon. A second consideration is whether contaminants with different binding affinities exhibit variable bioavailability for a given organic carbon source. Third, the research seeks to determine if patterns distinguishable within the first two objectives are consistent among different deposit feeders. The general methodology will be as follows. Test organisms will be exposed to a number of sediment treatments. The nature of the sediment treatments will generally entail coating sediment particles with a uniform layer of different classes of organic carbon. Radio-labeled contaminants will be used to facilitate detection and quantification of uptake. Organic contaminants will be labeled with 14C, a beta-emitter. Metal experiments will utilize a gamma emitter specific for the element in question. The relative attraction of contaminants for each organic coating will be measured by mixing coated particles with contaminants at constant temperature, pH, and salinity. treatments will be offered to test organisms under controlled experimental conditions for a discrete time period. Experimental animals will be allowed to feed ad libitum during the feeding period. Nonionic organic contaminants are lipophilic; therefore, the "biota sediment accumulation factor" (BSAF), which normalizes for both organism lipid content and sediment organic carbon content will be determined for experiments involving organic contaminants.

Supplemental Keywords:

RFA, Scientific Discipline, Waste, Water, Ecosystem Protection/Environmental Exposure & Risk, Ecology, Contaminated Sediments, Environmental Chemistry, Ecosystem/Assessment/Indicators, Ecosystem Protection, Chemistry, Microbiology, Ecological Effects - Environmental Exposure & Risk, Analytical Chemistry, Environmental Microbiology, Biochemistry, Ecology and Ecosystems, Biology, Environmental Engineering, Ecological Indicators, deposit feeders, uptake of sediment associated contaminants

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 1995
  • 1996
  • 1997
  • 1998
  • Final