A High Efficiency, Extremely Low Emission Internal Combustion Engine With On-Demand Generation of Hydrogen-Rich Gas by a Plasmatron

EPA Contract Number: 68D00247
Title: A High Efficiency, Extremely Low Emission Internal Combustion Engine With On-Demand Generation of Hydrogen-Rich Gas by a Plasmatron
Investigators: Andrews, Craig C.
Small Business: Lynntech Inc.
EPA Contact: Manager, SBIR Program
Phase: I
Project Period: September 1, 2000 through March 1, 2001
Project Amount: $70,000
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase I (2000) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: SBIR - Pollution Prevention , Pollution Prevention/Sustainable Development , Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)

Description:

The Phase I objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of the on-board generation of hydrogen on demand from hydrocarbon fuels by a plasmatron to increase the efficiency of internal combustion engines and significantly reduce emissions. It is proposed to make the plasmatron an integral part of the engine, thus recovering nearly all of the energy released during the thermally initiated conversion of a hydrocarbon fuel to hydrogen in utilizing a partial oxidation process. The integrated plasmatron approach to obtaining hydrogen from hydrocarbon fuel has a number of advantages when compared to the more conventional catalytic partial oxidation and steam reforming processes. The proposed concept will be tested by incorporating a suitable plasmatron into the small diesel engine. Engine emissions and system efficiency will be measured before and after the modification. Data will be collected to determine the best system parameters to achieve maximum pollutant reduction at the highest engine efficiency possible.

Increased fuel efficiency directly benefits engine operators and the national economy. The automobile industry could meet future U.S. Environmental Protection Agency clean air standards. Reduced environmental pollution levels translate into economic and societal benefits to the Nation; such as lower incidence of diseases in humans and slower deterioration of buildings and other infrastructures.

Supplemental Keywords:

small business, SBIR, air emissions, mobile sources, engineering, engine efficiency, pollution prevention, chemistry, EPA., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Air, Toxics, Waste, Sustainable Industry/Business, air toxics, cleaner production/pollution prevention, Environmental Chemistry, Sustainable Environment, Chemistry, HAPS, Technology for Sustainable Environment, mobile sources, New/Innovative technologies, Incineration/Combustion, Engineering, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, Environmental Engineering, Market mechanisms, alternative fuel technology, Nitrogen Oxides, Plasmatron, motor vehicles, air pollutants, hydrocarbon, internal combustion engine, vehicle emissions, low emission combustion engine, air pollution control, novel catalyst systems, automotive emissions, automobiles, automotive exhaust, catalyst formulations, catalysts, Sulfur dioxide, auto emissions, automotive combustion, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, combustion technology, innovative technology, hydrocarbons, automobile combustion process design, combustion, alternative energy source, cost effective, air emissions, catalytic combustion, innovative technologies, nitrogen oxides (Nox), automotive emission controls, Sulfur Oxides (SO2)

Progress and Final Reports:

  • Final Report