Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions Using Raman LIDAR

EPA Contract Number: 68D00262
Title: Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions Using Raman LIDAR
Investigators: Karger, Arieh
Small Business: Radiation Monitoring Devices Inc.
EPA Contact: Manager, SBIR Program
Phase: I
Project Period: September 1, 2000 through March 1, 2001
Project Amount: $70,000
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase I (2000) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Ecological Indicators/Assessment/Restoration , SBIR - Monitoring , Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)

Description:

The Phase I objective is to demonstrate the capabilities of Raman LIDAR for remote sensing of automobile emissions. A short range UV Raman LIDAR system will be developed to detect automobile emissions (NO, NO2, CO, CO2, hydrocarbons, etc.) by detecting the Raman backscatter with a pulsed UV laser source. The system will consist of a Cassegrain telescope, solid-state laser, and an extremely high sensitivity avalanche photodiode (APD) array detector. The system will capture the entire Raman return signal in a single pulse and convert the Raman return into pollution concentrations. The unique array of APD detectors will allow simultaneous acquisition of all the spectral components of the Raman return signal. The utilization of solid-state system components will result in a cost-effective, robust solution for remote sensing of automobile emissions.

The development of a remote sensing Raman LIDAR system for automobile emissions monitoring will significantly improve the ability to monitor on-road automobile pollution. EPA requirements for on-road monitoring of automobile emissions necessitates the deployment of remote sensing systems in states with excessive automobile pollution. By using short range UV Raman LIDAR, this on-road monitoring may be performed at arbitrary remote locations resulting in improved coverage of the automobile fleet.

Supplemental Keywords:

small business, SBIR, monitoring, mobile sources, remote sensing, air emissions, engineering, chemistry, EPA., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Air, Toxics, Sustainable Industry/Business, particulate matter, air toxics, Chemistry, HAPS, mobile sources, Environmental Monitoring, New/Innovative technologies, tropospheric ozone, Engineering, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, Environmental Engineering, remote sensing, Nox, monitoring, air quality standards, Nitrogen Oxides, avalanche photodiode array detector, engine exhaust, motor vehicles, stratospheric ozone, heavy-duty, air pollutants, Raman LIDAR, vehicle emissions, automotive emissions, air pollution control, ambient air, emissions, soot , smog, ambient monitoring, air pollution, automobiles, automotive exhaust, emissions analyzer, trucks, photochemical, automotive, diesel, vehicular exhaust, nitrogen oxides (Nox)

Progress and Final Reports:

  • Final Report