Biodegradation Enhancement of Petrogenic Wastes

EPA Contract Number: 68D00135
Title: Biodegradation Enhancement of Petrogenic Wastes
Investigators: Mahaffey, William
Small Business: ECOVA Corporation
EPA Contact: Manager, SBIR Program
Phase: I
Project Period: September 1, 1990 through June 1, 1991
Project Amount: $50,000
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase I (1990) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: SBIR - Waste , Hazardous Waste/Remediation , Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)

Description:

The proposed research will develop an in situ process which will enhance the rate and efficiency associated with the biodegradation of hydrophobic organic chemicals at mili- tary installations and Superfund sites. Research activities will focus on identification of chemical or biological emul- sifiers (surfactants) which will enhance the bio-availability of such petrogenic wastes as creosote, coal tars, town gas wastes, and thus enhance the biodegradation. Particular emphasis will be placed on the enhanced degradation of recalcitrant and/or highly carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHS) such as pyrene and/or benzo(a)pyrene. An optimized system for surfactant production and in situ biodegradation of PAHs will be developed. Factors such as compound mobilization versus biodegradation, oxygen and nutrient demands, as well as rate and efficiency data for PAH biodegradation will be defined. Information will be developed in a phased approach. Phase I will identify a process which enhances biodegradation rates of the targeted compounds through increased bio-availability. Phase II will optimize the parameters needed to field-evaluate the pro- cess. Parameters include use of consistent organisms, chemical emulsifiers and rates of biodegradation. Successful application of this technology will reduce the cost of cleanup of Superfund sites contaminated with PAHs.

Supplemental Keywords:

RFA, Scientific Discipline, Toxics, Waste, Sustainable Industry/Business, National Recommended Water Quality, Chemical Engineering, Sustainable Environment, Environmental Chemistry, Technology for Sustainable Environment, Hazardous Waste, Biochemistry, Bioremediation, Chemistry and Materials Science, Hazardous, EPCRA, Biology, Engineering, Environmental Engineering, petrogenic waste, Superfund sites, biological emulsifiers, biodegradation, Pyrene, petrogenic wastes, in situ biodegradation of PAHs, organic chemicals, biodegradation of petrogenic wastes, hydrophobic organic chemicals, BenzoaPyrene, chemical emulsifiers

Progress and Final Reports:

  • Final