Steam Reforming of Municipal Wastewater SludgeEPA Contract Number: 68D00046
Title: Steam Reforming of Municipal Wastewater Sludge
Investigators: Warren, David W.
Small Business: Manufacturing and Technology Conversion International Inc.
EPA Contact: Manager, SBIR Program
Project Period: August 1, 1990 through April 1, 1991
Project Amount: $49,987
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase I (1991) RFA Text | Recipients Lists
Research Category: Hazardous Waste/Remediation , SBIR - Waste , Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)
Description:The MTIC indirect steam reforming process offers a cost effective alternative to the existing waste-to-energy incin- eration of municipal sludge waste (MSW) or refuse-derived fuel (RDF). The process has the potential for resolving many of the environmental issues associated with incin- eration, especially in the control of chlorinated dioxins and furans as well as emissions of toxic metals; particulates and sulfur and nitrogen oxides. The process is a relatively low- temperature (1250'F) process which inhibits the formation of chlorinated dioxins and furans as well as the condensa- tion of metals upon fly ash normally encountered in con- ventional incinerators. The waste-to-energy process produces a hydrogen rich gas of medium Btu content close to natural gas. The reduction in solid waste is anticipated to be greater than 70% with characteristics considerably more benign than power plant ash.
The Phase I effort is focused upon a series of feasibility tests utilizing wastewater sludge, RDF and/or MSW in its existing pilot-scale reactor, processing the waste as an alternative to incineration. These tests will also profile a characterization and disposition of the chemical species from the feedstock in the product streams of the steam reformer, e.g., product gas and solid waste residues.