Application of Pulse Combustion in Solid and Hazardous Waste Incineration

EPA Contract Number: 68D10101
Title: Application of Pulse Combustion in Solid and Hazardous Waste Incineration
Investigators: Neale, Douglas H.
Small Business: Sonotech Inc.
EPA Contact: Manager, SBIR Program
Phase: II
Project Period: September 1, 1991 through June 1, 1993
Project Amount: $149,941
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase II (1991) Recipients Lists
Research Category: Hazardous Waste/Remediation , SBIR - Waste , Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)


Sonotech, Inc., in Phase II proposes to build on the success of its Phase I efforts which demonstrated that an incinerator's performance can be improved significantly by retrofitting it with a tunable pulse combustor which excites pulsations inside the incinerator. These pulsations increase the rates of heat, mass, and mixing processes which, in turn, improve the incineration process performance. The Phase I tests, conducted with surrogate wastes, have demonstrated that pulsations decrease exhaust soot emissions, improve high destruction and removal efficiencies (DRES) of princi- pal organic hazardous constituents (POHCs), and improve efficiency of oxygen use. The goal of Phase II will be to obtain additional design data and develop a liquid fuel-fired pulse combustor which are needed for commercialization of the technology with von Roll, a major incinerator systems manufacturer. To meet these goals, Task 1 will determine the benefits of pulse combustion technology in batch type Incineration of various surrogate wastes. Task 2 will de- velop a liquid fuel-fired tunable pulse combustion needed for the commercialization of the technology, and Task 3 will determine the benefits provided by the developed liquid fuel pulse combustor during steady incineration of contaminated liquid fuels which will be also used to fire the pulse combustor. In summary, Phase II will develop an extensive design and incineration data base and a liquid fuel-fired pulse tunable combustor needed for commercial- ization of the developed pulse combustor technology with von Roll under Phase III of this progrwn.

Supplemental Keywords:

RFA, Scientific Discipline, Waste, Chemical Engineering, Environmental Chemistry, Civil/Environmental Engineering, Hazardous Waste, Chemistry and Materials Science, Incineration/Combustion, Engineering, Hazardous, Environmental Engineering, combustion byproducts, hazardous waste disposal, oxidation, advanced treatment technologies, hazardous waste incineration, industrial technology, emission controls, hazardous waste incinerators, pulsed combustion, emissions, energy efficiency, waste incineration, combustion technology, liquid fuel-fired pulse combustor, contaminant management, increased burn rate, combustion, incineration, air emissions, combustion contaminants

Progress and Final Reports:

  • Final