New Inert Anodes for Reduction of Perfluorocarbon Emissions

EPA Contract Number: 68D99044
Title: New Inert Anodes for Reduction of Perfluorocarbon Emissions
Investigators: Adamic, Kresimir J.
Small Business: Eltron Research & Development Inc.
EPA Contact: Manager, SBIR Program
Phase: I
Project Period: September 1, 1999 through March 1, 2000
Project Amount: $69,997
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase I (1999) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Air Quality and Air Toxics , SBIR - Air Pollution , Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)

Description:

This Phase I project addresses the fabrication of new inert anodes by reactive plasma deposition of metal oxides resistant to corrosive attack by melts typical of electrolytic aluminum refining. The approach will generate nonconsumable anodes that do not emit greenhouse gases, such as perfluorocarbons or carbon dioxide, or toxic gases, such as carbon monoxide or pyrenes. The electrode structures so fabricated would not be subject to problems currently encountered in inert anodes, such as current collection problems, cracking, and corrosion problems induced in cermets by incorporation of metals within the bulk of the electrode. Cracking and spallation of metal oxide films on metal substrates would be eliminated by the diffusional nature of the coating as opposed to that obtained with chemical vapor deposition methods. Such structures also would eliminate disposal problems associated with carbon anodes as well as capital cost and reduce operating costs associated with industrial electrolytic aluminum reduction.

The proposed program will result in the development of new materials for use as inert oxygen-evolving electrodes in high-temperature molten salts. Such electrodes would represent a long-sought goal of the aluminum industry.

Supplemental Keywords:

small business, SBIR, air emissions, engineering, chemistry, EPA., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Air, Toxics, Waste, Sustainable Industry/Business, air toxics, cleaner production/pollution prevention, Chemistry, HAPS, chemical mixtures, Technology for Sustainable Environment, Hazardous Waste, New/Innovative technologies, Engineering, Hazardous, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, cost reduction, air pollutants, clean technology, emissions, air pollution, alternative materials, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, perfluorocarbon, innovative technology, innovative technologies, industrial innovations, inert anodes, air emissions

Progress and Final Reports:

  • Final Report