Research Grants/Fellowships/SBIR

Biocatalytic Polymer Synthesis in and from Carbon Dioxide for Pollution Prevention

EPA Grant Number: R825338
Title: Biocatalytic Polymer Synthesis in and from Carbon Dioxide for Pollution Prevention
Investigators: Russell, Alan J. , Beckman, Eric J.
Current Investigators: Russell, Alan J.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh - Main Campus
EPA Project Officer: Karn, Barbara
Project Period: October 1, 1996 through September 30, 1999
Project Amount: $180,000
RFA: Technology for a Sustainable Environment (1996) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Nanotechnology , Sustainability , Pollution Prevention/Sustainable Development

Description:

Current research has demonstrated the technical, environmental and commercial benefits of the "green" approach to polyester synthesis, but more research is needed on a continuous method for the synthesis of polyol polyester intermediates for the urethane industry. The proposed research is basic in nature, but will provide a framework around which an actual process could be developed. The purpose of this project is to investigate polytransesterification of butanediol and various adipic acid esters under conditions to enhance diol synthesis, and assess molecular weight control of polytransesterification of butanediol and various adipic acid esters using pressure as a variable in supercritical carbon dioxide. Experiments will also investigate in detail the possibility of continuous synthesis of polyester polyols in supercritical carbon dioxide. These studies will enable the generation of a computer model for prediction of chain extension and termination during enzyme catalyzed synthesis of polyesters in supercritical fluids.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this project: View all 22 publications for this project

Journal Articles:

Journal Articles have been submitted on this project: View all 11 journal articles for this project

Supplemental Keywords:

green chemistry, clean technology, innovative technology, environmental chemistry, Scientific Discipline, Sustainable Industry/Business, Chemical Engineering, cleaner production/pollution prevention, Environmental Chemistry, Environmental Engineering, cleaner production, waste minimization, waste reduction, environmentally conscious manufacturing, biocatalytic polymer synthesis, process modification, CO2 - based systems, innovative technology, pollution prevention, source reduction, alternative chemical synthesis, biocatalysis, environmentally-friendly chemical synthesis, green chemistry

Progress and Final Reports:

Final Report