Electrochemical Nutrient Extraction from DigestateEPA Contract Number: EPD17006
Title: Electrochemical Nutrient Extraction from Digestate
Investigators: Skinn, Brian
Small Business: Faraday Technology, Inc.
EPA Contact: Manager, SBIR Program
Project Period: November 1, 2016 through April 30, 2017
Project Amount: $100,000
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase I (2016) RFA Text | Recipients Lists
Research Category: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) , SBIR - Water
The proposed technology addresses the need for mitigation of the impacts of animal agriculture on the environment via recovery of phosphorus and nitrogen. Concentrated animal feeding operations create significant amounts of waste in the form of manure digestate; disposal at a cost of $1.6B. Microbial electrolysis cells have been explored as a chemical free, energy efficient method of extracting nutrients from wastewater while generating renewable energy sources. Initial results with batch-fed, single-chamber reactors show soluble phosphorus removal up to 85%. Energy consumption was significantly less than that needed by extraction methods based on aeration and chemical additions. Faraday and the University of Illinois will build upon prior work to demonstrate the potential scability of the microbial electrolysis cell technology, identify pulsed waveforms that enhance nutrient recovery from manure digestate, minimize or eliminate cathode scale formation, and optimize performance metrics such as phosphate precipitation rates and energy consumption. Faraday will demonstrate the potential for an economically-viable, sustainable, industrial-scale nutrient extraction process that reduces agricultural cost while co-generating hydrogen, predicated upon the strengths and flexibility of FARADAYIC® pulse-processing, in particular increased control over dynamics and mass transport. Phase II will build upon this effort by designing and optimizing an alpha-scale system.