Benefit Transfer Using Values from Adult-oriented Studies to Evaluate Children's Health Effects (Phase 1 - - Theory)EPA Grant Number: R828716
Title: Benefit Transfer Using Values from Adult-oriented Studies to Evaluate Children's Health Effects (Phase 1 - - Theory)
Investigators: Crocker, Thomas D. , Agee, Mark D. , Shogren, Jason F.
Institution: University of Wyoming
EPA Project Officer: Hahn, Intaek
Project Period: December 1, 2000 through November 30, 2003
Project Amount: $103,495
RFA: Valuation of Children's Health Effects (2000) RFA Text | Recipients Lists
Research Category: Health Effects , Children's Health , Health , Economics and Decision Sciences
This research will show how 1) information on children's biological responses to environmental hazard exposures, and 2) the tradeoffs made by parents with limited time and money who must choose between their own consumption and investments in their children's futures can be used jointly to infer the economic values parents attach to reductions in children's exposures to toxic substances, and to child health improvements.
Children live with adults who allocate available household time and money resources among all family members, including children. Because such resources are limited, these adults (parents) must trade off their own well-being against the well-being of their children. Changes in environmental conditions can alter household resources and can affect the health of some household members more than others. These changes influence the tradeoffs parents choose to make because they alter the relative benefits and costs to parents of alternative time and money investments for household members. For example, parents may alleviate the impact of neighborhood pollution upon their child by reducing the child's exposures or by purchasing medical help to cure the child. But these actions are costly, implying that the parents must sacrifice their own consumption or investments in their own health protection. These parental behaviors may amplify or temper the biological responses children make to environmental hazards. This research describes how parents' choices among investments in parents' own-consumption, parents' own-health, and child health change when environmental conditions change.
This project will show how measures of parents' valuations of own-health may be transformed into measures of parents' valuations of the health of their children. The research will provide a technique or techniques by which adult valuations of own-health may be transformed into adult valuations of children's health.