Experimental Interventions to Facilitate Clean Cookstove Adoption, Promote Clean Indoor Air, and Mitigate Climate ChangeEPA Grant Number: R835421
Title: Experimental Interventions to Facilitate Clean Cookstove Adoption, Promote Clean Indoor Air, and Mitigate Climate Change
Investigators: Bailis, Robert , Marshall, Julian D. , Grieshop, Andrew P , Zerriffi, Hisham , Unger, Nadine , Talashery, Pradeep , Dwivedi, Puneet
Current Investigators: Bailis, Robert , Grieshop, Andrew P , Unger, Nadine , Zerriffi, Hisham , Dwivedi, Puneet , Talashery, Pradeep , Marshall, Julian D. , Chandar, Mamta
Institution: Yale University , University of British Columbia , University of Minnesota
Current Institution: Stockholm Environment Institute
EPA Project Officer: Keating, Terry
Project Period: September 1, 2015 through August 31, 2018 (Extended to September 30, 2019)
Project Amount: $1,499,985
RFA: Measurements and Modeling for Quantifying Air Quality and Climatic Impacts of Residential Biomass or Coal Combustion for Cooking, Heating, and Lighting (2012) RFA Text | Recipients Lists
Research Category: Global Climate Change , Air Quality and Air Toxics , Tribal Environmental Health Research , Climate Change , Air
This project has four broad objectives, linked to feasible improvements in clean stove design and dissemination and their impacts on health and climate: 1) assess the acceptability and availability of different stove technologies and fuels, 2) experiment by varying stove price and social interactions among users to determine the impact of these variables on stove adoption rates, 3) measure in situ the impacts of stove adoption on indoor and outdoor air pollution, and climate-forcing, and 4) model the impacts of widespread stove adoption on regional and global climate through a range of scenarios directly informed by data from the field.
We will achieve these objectives by combining survey and focus group assessment of willingness-to-pay (WTP), trials of stove dissemination examining stove adoption rates at full and partial subsidies and with different levels of social interactions between adopters; community-driven input to stove redesign; in situ emissions testing and air quality monitoring; and, climate modeling. Our study builds on preexisting partnerships with two Indian NGOs already promoting stoves in rural communities. By partnering with these NGOs, we take advantage of existing connections to stove-using households in diverse parts of India. Both NGOs are well-established and well-staffed with gender- and caste-sensitive personnel who will facilitate our entry into the complex social terrain of rural India.
Our proposed research will generate a rich data set yielding a range of potential benefits. Frank assessment of stove designs, including quantitative performance data and in-depth qualitative surveys, will be very useful to stove designers and to researchers and practitioners working on energy, environment, and public health. The price and social interaction experiments will provide valuable information about technical and behavioral dimensions of stove adoption so that program designers can maximize long-term adoption and use. Finally, climate modeling will provide a realistic assessment of the range and timeframe of foreseeable climate benefits resulting from widespread stove adoption.