2016 Progress Report: Quantifying the Climate, Air Quality and Health Benefits of Improved Cookstoves: An Integrated Laboratory, Field and Modeling Study

EPA Grant Number: R835438
Title: Quantifying the Climate, Air Quality and Health Benefits of Improved Cookstoves: An Integrated Laboratory, Field and Modeling Study
Investigators: Volckens, John , Johnson, Michael , Peel, Jennifer , Pierce, Jeffrey , Robinson, Allen
Institution: Colorado State University , Berkeley Air Monitoring Group , Carnegie Mellon University
EPA Project Officer: Keating, Terry
Project Period: September 1, 2013 through August 31, 2016 (Extended to August 31, 2017)
Project Period Covered by this Report: September 1, 2015 through August 31,2016
Project Amount: $1,520,000
RFA: Measurements and Modeling for Quantifying Air Quality and Climatic Impacts of Residential Biomass or Coal Combustion for Cooking, Heating, and Lighting (2012) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Air Quality and Air Toxics , Global Climate Change , Tribal Environmental Health Research , Climate Change , Air

Progress Summary:

The Firepower Sweep Test, developed as part of this work, better replicates the range and variability of cookstove emissions measured in field settings relative to use of the traditional Water Boil Test (WBT). The WBT under-predicts both the magnitude and variability of emissions in the field.

Our atmospheric aging experiments suggest that the radiative properties of cookstove emissions can be reliably modeled using Mie theory for OA:BC > 4, which is a safe assumption for atmospherically relevant conditions.

Our study developed a first estimate of 270,000 adult mortalities (yearly, across the globe) due to chronic exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) from uncontrolled combustion of domestic waste. This likely is a conservative estimate due to the resolution of the model.

A major finding of this work is that uncertainties in the concentration-response function dominate the sensitivity of estimates of mortality from exposure to PM2.5 from cookstove emissions. Estimated mortality due to exposure to cookstove emissions (both at the indoor and outdoor levels) is strongly sensitive to uncertainties in the concentration-response function and less sensitive to the concentration of exposure.

Future Activities:

We will submit journal publications on (1) results of the 2014 Front Range Cookstove Study, (2) optical properties of cookstove aerosols, (3) results of the field emissions trials, and (4) sensitivity analysis on the inputs to modeling the global burden of disease from exposure to household air pollution.

Journal Articles on this Report : 4 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other project views: All 32 publications 6 publications in selected types All 6 journal articles
Type Citation Project Document Sources
Journal Article Kodros JK, Wiedinmyer C, Ford B, Cucinotta R, Gan R, Magzamen S, Pierce JR. Global burden of mortalities due to chronic exposure to ambient PM2.5 from open combustion of domestic waste. Environmental Research Letters 2016;11(12):124022. R835438 (2016)
R835438 (Final)
  • Full-text: IOPScience-Full Text PDF
  • Abstract: IOPScience-Abstract & Full Text HTML
  • Journal Article Kodros JK, Cucinotta R, Ridley DA, Wiedinmyer C, Pierce JR. The aerosol radiative effects of uncontrolled combustion of domestic waste. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2016;16(11):6771–6784. R835438 (2016)
    R835438 (Final)
  • Full-text: ACP-Full Text PDF
  • Abstract: ACP-Abstract
  • Other: ResearchGate-Abstract
  • Journal Article Kodros JK, Pierce JR. Important global and regional differences in aerosol cloud-albedo effect estimates between simulations with and without prognostic aerosol microphysics. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2017;122(7):4003-4018. R835438 (2016)
    R835438 (Final)
  • Abstract: Wiley-Abstract
  • Other: ResearchGate-Abstract
  • Journal Article Saliba G, Subramanian R, Saleh R, Ahern AT, Lipsky EM, Tasoglou A, Sullivan RC, Bhandari J, Mazzoleni C, Robinson AL. Optical properties of black carbon in cookstove emissions coated with secondary organic aerosols: measurements and modeling. Aerosol Science and Technology 2016;50(11):1264-1276. R835438 (2016)
    R835438 (Final)
  • Abstract: Taylor & Francis-Abstract
  • Other: ResearchGate-Abstract
  • Supplemental Keywords:

    household air pollution, wood smoke, airborne particulate matter, radiative forcing, emissions, aerosol, exposure-response

    Progress and Final Reports:

    Original Abstract
  • 2014 Progress Report
  • 2015 Progress Report
  • Final Report