2016 Progress Report: A Global Map of Feasible Residential Solutions, Emphasizing Stoves with Space Heating Uses

EPA Grant Number: R835423
Title: A Global Map of Feasible Residential Solutions, Emphasizing Stoves with Space Heating Uses
Investigators: Bond, Tami C.
Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
EPA Project Officer: Keating, Terry
Project Period: March 1, 2014 through February 28, 2017 (Extended to February 28, 2019)
Project Period Covered by this Report: March 1, 2016 through February 28,2017
Project Amount: $1,499,998
RFA: Measurements and Modeling for Quantifying Air Quality and Climatic Impacts of Residential Biomass or Coal Combustion for Cooking, Heating, and Lighting (2012) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Air Quality and Air Toxics , Global Climate Change , Tribal Environmental Health Research , Climate Change , Air

Objective:

The objectives of this project are to: (1) produce a global resource-driven map of current emissions and plausible interventions for all residential uses of solid fuel; (2) improve understanding of emission rates and emissions attributable to space heating by adding measurements to four existing residential-energy projects; (3) incubate a Regional Testing and Knowledge Center with community presence and demonstrate successive improvement in interventions; and (4) model relationships between emissions, outdoor concentrations and global radiative forcing.

Progress Summary:

We developed a high-resolution spatiotemporal emission inventory for the residential sector of India and are running scenarios to evaluate the impact of fuel and stove transitions on emissions considering spatial and household-level constraints. We analyzed four-season fuel use in Nepal and attributed fuel increase in winter to non-cooking end-uses performed on supplemental stoves, suggesting that all household energy services need to be considered when designing interventions. We completed air-tightness testing on Alaska homes and added emission and indoor air-quality measurements. Tests reported 90 percent displacement of kerosene lamp use with solar lamps causing a 50–70 percent reduction in exposure to PM2.5. We developed high-resolution simulations suitable for determining "neighborhood effects" of single and multiple plumes.

Future Activities:

We will complete analysis of all emission samples; evaluate emission rates, indoor air quality, and their connections in Alaska homes; perform two sets of emission tests in China; finalize seasonal fuel and emission manuscripts from the Nepal analysis; complete sensitivity tests and generalizations on how ambient-emitted plumes affect neighborhood concentrations; and compare global models of radiative forcing with multiple parameterizations.


Journal Articles on this Report : 2 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other project views: All 6 publications 2 publications in selected types All 2 journal articles
Type Citation Project Document Sources
Journal Article Winijkul E, Fierce L, Bond TC. Emissions from residential combustion considering end-uses and spatial constraints:Part I, methods and spatial distribution. Atmospheric Environment 2016;125(Part A):126-139. R835423 (2014)
R835423 (2015)
R835423 (2016)
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  • Journal Article Winijkul E, Bond TC. Emissions from residential combustion considering end-uses and spatial constraints:Part II, emission reduction scenarios. Atmospheric Environment 2016;124(Part A):1-11. R835423 (2014)
    R835423 (2015)
    R835423 (2016)
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  • Supplemental Keywords:

    emissions, size distribution, aerosol speciation, aerosols, clouds, radiative forcings, ambient air, regional air quality, regional climate, global climate

    Progress and Final Reports:

    Original Abstract
    2014 Progress Report
    2015 Progress Report