2015 Progress Report: A Global Map of Feasible Residential Solutions, Emphasizing Stoves with Space Heating Uses

EPA Grant Number: R835423
Title: A Global Map of Feasible Residential Solutions, Emphasizing Stoves with Space Heating Uses
Investigators: Bond, Tami C.
Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
EPA Project Officer: Keating, Terry
Project Period: March 1, 2014 through February 28, 2017 (Extended to February 28, 2019)
Project Period Covered by this Report: March 1, 2015 through February 29,2016
Project Amount: $1,499,998
RFA: Measurements and Modeling for Quantifying Air Quality and Climatic Impacts of Residential Biomass or Coal Combustion for Cooking, Heating, and Lighting (2012) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Air Quality and Air Toxics , Global Climate Change , Tribal Environmental Health Research , Climate Change , Air

Objective:

The objectives of this project are to: (1) produce a global resource-driven map of current emissions and plausible interventions for all residential uses of solid fuel; (2) improve understanding of emission rates and emissions attributable to space heating by adding measurements to four existing residential-energy projects; (3) incubate a Regional Testing and Knowledge Center with community presence and demonstrate successive improvement in interventions; and (4) model relationships between emissions, outdoor concentrations, and global radiative forcing.

Progress Summary:

  • Improved spatial analysis modeling to reduce computation time and usability while maintaining the fidelity of the input data, reducing added uncertainty, and increasing transparency.
  • Identified high fuel consumption in Alaska; evaluated indoor air concentrations to link elevated PM2.5 in part to wood use.
  • Identified doubling of winter wood consumption in Nepal at higher elevations for activities related to secondary stoves.
  • Supported leading organizations in Nepal to explore revision of current stove implementation strategies.
  • Utilized spatial dispersion models to estimate how emissions from households affect ambient air quality in surrounding communities.

Future Activities:

  • Conduct a preliminary application of WISDOM-Nepal to examine fuelwood and agricultural waste potential supply for household and processed fuels (e.g., pellet).
  • Expand and develop the model framework to include spatial and non-spatial constraints, specifically finalizing road networks and considering income effects on energy demand.
  • Complete testing, analysis, and dissemination of results from efforts underway in the village of Kake, Alaska.
  • Finalize emission factors from the Nepal field campaign and produce seasonal emission rates.
  • Pursue links between characteristics available globally (meteorology, topography, and population density) to create a global map of household emission effect on neighborhood air quality.
  • Introduce global emissions from the first round of mapping into the Goddard Institute for Space Studies climate model with aerosol microphysics to estimate climate effects in various scenarios.

 


Journal Articles on this Report : 2 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other project views: All 6 publications 2 publications in selected types All 2 journal articles
Type Citation Project Document Sources
Journal Article Winijkul E, Fierce L, Bond TC. Emissions from residential combustion considering end-uses and spatial constraints:Part I, methods and spatial distribution. Atmospheric Environment 2016;125(Part A):126-139. R835423 (2014)
R835423 (2015)
R835423 (2016)
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  • Journal Article Winijkul E, Bond TC. Emissions from residential combustion considering end-uses and spatial constraints:Part II, emission reduction scenarios. Atmospheric Environment 2016;124(Part A):1-11. R835423 (2014)
    R835423 (2015)
    R835423 (2016)
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  • Abstract: ScienceDirect-Abstract
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  • Supplemental Keywords:

    Emissions, size distribution, aerosol speciation, aerosols, clouds, radiative forcings, ambient air, regional air quality, regional climate, global climate

    Progress and Final Reports:

    Original Abstract
    2014 Progress Report
    2016 Progress Report