FerryMon: ferry-based monitoring and assessment of human and climatically driven environmental change in the Albemarle-Pamlico Sound system.
Paerl HW, Rossignol KL, Guajardo R, Hall NS, Joyner AR, Peierls BL, Ramus JS. FerryMon: ferry-based monitoring and assessment of human and climatically driven environmental change in the Albemarle-Pamlico Sound system. Environmental Science & Technology 2009;43(20):7609-7613.
[Excerpt from article]: North Carolina’s (NC’s) Albemarle-Pamlico Estuarine System (APES) is the U.S.’s second largest estuary and its largest lagoonal ecosystem at 1700 km2. APES supports more than 80% of the Southeastern Atlantic U.S. fishery as a nursery and fishing ground, and it provides NC with a large share of its residential, recreational, and tourism income. Bounded by the Outer Banks barrier island system, APES experiences restricted water exchange (via 3 narrow inlets) with the Atlantic Ocean. This accounts for its lagoonal properties, including an average water residence time of 1 year. These hydrologic features enable APES to make efficient use of nutrient inputs, promoting high fertility and excellent fisheries. However, they also make the system highly sensitive to nutrient overenrichment and eutrophication.