Leaching and Stabilization of Solid-Phase Residuals Separated by Storm Water BMPs Capturing Urban Runoff Impacted by Transportation Activities and Infrastructure

EPA Grant Number: R827933C034
Subproject: this is subproject number 034 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R825427
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: Urban Waste Management and Research Center (University New Orleans)
Center Director: McManis, Kenneth
Title: Leaching and Stabilization of Solid-Phase Residuals Separated by Storm Water BMPs Capturing Urban Runoff Impacted by Transportation Activities and Infrastructure
Investigators: Sansalone, John , Cartledge, Frank K. , Tittlebaum, Marty
Institution: Louisiana State University - Baton Rouge , University of New Orleans
EPA Project Officer: Lasat, Mitch
Project Period: July 1, 2001 through June 30, 2003
RFA: Urban Waste Management & Research Center (1998) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Targeted Research

Objective:

This research project examines the physico-chemical characteristics of solid-phase residuals captured from urban stormwater BMPs and urban transportation infrastructure. This examination is a basis to develop appropriate residuals management techniques, in particular cementitious solidification/stabilization (S/S). This research is a direct extension of an ongoing Urban Waste Management and Research Center (UWMRC) effort to develop BMPs for transportation and urban infrastructure stormwater loadings.

The five primary objectives of this UWMRC project are to:

  1. Quantify the physico-chemical characteristics of stormwater and BMP residuals, BMP media, and soils loaded by stormwater at a series of urban and transportation sites located from New Orleans, Louisiana, to Cincinnati, Ohio. This will include particle gradations, granulometry indices, specific gravity, particle surface analyses, and heavy metal content as a function of particle size.
  2. Determine whether the spent BMP media (oxide coated or plain media), after breakthrough of heavy metals has occurred, show the characteristics of hazardous wastes. The usual Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP; EPA 1996) criteria will be used for this determination. We expect the spent media to be characteristically toxic and to require treatment. In addition, the media will be digested, followed by determination of total metals content for Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn.
  3. Determine leaching potential as a function of pH typically encountered by stormwater residuals, as either residuals captured in BMPs, unstabilized disposal material, or residuals deposited in urban and transportation land use conditions. The usual TCLP criteria also will be used for these determinations, as was carried out for BMP media.
  4. Stabilize stormwater residuals and spent BMP media using different residual-cement ratios. Stabilized residuals will be evaluated based on unconfined compressive strength, physical indices and index tests, leaching potential, and spectroscopic, microscopic, and thermal analyses of cement phases.
  5. Generate at least three peer-reviewed publications and three presentations from this research.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this subproject: View all 5 publications for this subprojectView all 55 publications for this center

Supplemental Keywords:

stormwater, particulates, heavy metals, transportation land use, nonpoint pollution, clarification, partitioning,, RFA, Scientific Discipline, Water, Sustainable Industry/Business, Sustainable Environment, Technology for Sustainable Environment, Civil/Environmental Engineering, Ecology and Ecosystems, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, sustainable development, green design, urban planning, environmental sustainability, conservation, silt fence technology, hydrology, stormwater, filter fence, sediment control, environmentally conscious design, stormwater management

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 2002 Progress Report
  • Final

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R825427    Urban Waste Management and Research Center (University New Orleans)

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R825427C001 Comprehensive Evaluation of The Dual Trickling Filter Solids Contact Process
    R825427C002 Issues Involving the Vertical Expansion of Landfills
    R825427C003 Deep Foundations on Brownfields Sites
    R825427C004 Ambient Particulate Concentration Model for Traffic Intersections
    R825427C005 Effectiveness of Rehabilitation Approaches for I/I Reduction
    R825427C006 Urban Solid Waste Management Videos
    R825427C007 UWMRC Community Outreach Multimedia Exhibit
    R825427C008 Including New Technology into the Investigation of Inappropriate Pollutant Entries into Storm Drainage Systems - A User's Guide
    R825427C009 Investigation of Hydraulic Characteristics and Alternative Model Development of Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetlands
    R825427C010 Beneficial Use Of Urban Runoff For Wetland Enhancement
    R825427C011 Urban Storm and Waste Water Outfall Modeling
    R827933C001 Development of a Model Sediment Control Ordinance for Louisiana
    R827933C002 Inappropriate Discharge to Stormwater Drainage (Demonstration Project)
    R827933C003 Alternate Liner Evaluation Model
    R827933C004 LA DNR - DEQ - Regional Waste Management
    R827933C005 Landfill Design Specifications
    R827933C006 Geosynthetic Clay Liners as Alternative Barrier Systems
    R827933C007 Used Tire Monofill
    R827933C008 A Comparison of Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Bed (USAB) and the Anaerobic Biofilm Fluidized Bed Reactor (ABFBR) for the Treatment of Municipal Wastewater
    R827933C009 Integrated Environmental Management Plan for Shipbuilding Facilities
    R827933C010 Nicaragua
    R827933C011 Louisiana Environmental Education and Resource Program
    R827933C012 Costa Rica - Costa Rican Initiative
    R827933C013 Evaluation of Cr(VI) Exposure Assessment in the Shipbuilding Industry
    R827933C014 LaTAP, Louisiana Technical Assistance Program: Pollution Prevention for Small Businesses
    R827933C015 Louisiana Environmental Leadership Pollution Prevention Program
    R827933C016 Inexpensive Non-Toxic Pigment Substitute for Chromium in Primer for Aluminum Sibstrate
    R827933C017 China - Innovative Waste Composting Plan for the City of Benxi, People's Rupublic of China
    R827933C018 Institutional Control in Brownfields Redevelopment: A Methodology for Community Participation and Sustainability
    R827933C019 Physico-Chemical Assessment for Treatment of Storm Water From Impervious Urban Watersheds Typical of the Gulf Coast
    R827933C020 Influence of Cyclic Interfacial Redox Conditions on the Structure and Integrity of Clay Liners for Landfills Subject to Variable High Groundwater Conditions in the Gulf Coast Region
    R827933C021 Characterizing Moisture Content Within Landfills
    R827933C022 Bioreactor Landfill Moisture Management
    R827933C023 Urban Water Issues: A Video Series
    R827933C024 Water Quality Modeling in Urban Storm Water Systems
    R827933C025 The Development of a Web Based Instruction (WBI) Program for the UWMRC User's Guide (Investigation of Inappropriate Pollutant Entries Into Storm Drainage Systems)
    R827933C027 Legal Issues of SSO's: Private Property Sources and Non-NPDES Entities
    R827933C028 Brownfields Issues: A Video Series
    R827933C029 Facultative Landfill Bioreactors (FLB): A Pilot-Scale Study of Waste Stabilization, Landfill Gas Emissions, Leachate Treatment, and Landfill Geotechnical Properties
    R827933C030 Advances in Municipal Wastewater Treatment
    R827933C031 Design Criteria for Sanitary Sewer System Rehabilitation
    R827933C032 Deep Foundations in Brownfield Areas: Continuing Investigation
    R827933C033 Gradation-Based Transport, Kinetics, Coagulation, and Flocculation of Urban Watershed Rainfall-Runoff Particulate Matter
    R827933C034 Leaching and Stabilization of Solid-Phase Residuals Separated by Storm Water BMPs Capturing Urban Runoff Impacted by Transportation Activities and Infrastructure
    R827933C035 Fate of Pathogens in Storm Water Runoff
    R87933C020 Influence of Cyclic Interfacial Redox Conditions on the Structure and Integrity of Clay Liners for Landfills Subject to Variable High Groundwater Conditions in the Gulf Coast Region