Development of Mercury Control TechnologiesEPA Grant Number: R827649C017
Subproject: this is subproject number 017 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R827649
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
Center: Center for Air Toxic Metals® (CATM®)
Center Director: Groenewold, Gerald
Title: Development of Mercury Control Technologies
Investigators: Pavlish, John H. , Benson, Steven A. , Galbreath, Kevin C. , Hassett, David J. , Heebink, Loreal V. , Holmes, Michael J. , Kong, Lingbu , Laudal, Dennis L. , Mibeck, Blaise , Miller, Stanley J. , Olson, Edwin S. , Ralston, Nicholas V.C. , Thompson, Jeffrey S. , Timpe, Ronald C. , Zygarlicke, Christopher J.
Institution: University of North Dakota
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: October 15, 1999 through October 14, 2004
RFA: Center for Air Toxic Metals (CATM) (1998) RFA Text | Recipients Lists
Research Category: Targeted Research
The objective of the research conducted by the Center for Air Toxic Metals (CATM) is to address air toxic trace element emissions, which have become a matter of worldwide concern as well as a regulatory issue in the United States. The goal of CATM is to develop key information on air toxic metal compounds to support development and implementation of pollution prevention and control strategies that will reduce air toxic metal emissions and releases to the environment.
This project is intended to develop and test promising mercury control technologies, such as sorbents that will provide rapid in-duct capture of mercury, sorbent regeneration, catalysts to oxidize Hg0 for capture in a wet scrubber, modification of wet scrubbing techniques to enhance mercury capture, or cleaning of the coal before combustion. A further goal is to determine the interaction between flue gas constituents, mercury species, and sorbents. This information has been used to develop and refine a dual functionality model for mercury/flue gas interactions with carbon sorbents. Protocol development for bench- and pilot-scale testing is an ongoing task in this program with a current focus on an entrained flow reactor. To expand our understanding of mercury capture by activated carbon in flue gas, a full factorial matrix of bench-scale fixed-bed tests was completed to determine the effects of the flue gas constituents on the capture of mercuric chloride. Under some conditions, significant reduction of the oxidized mercury to Hg0 occurs across the activated carbon bed.
Supplemental Keywords:air, toxic, air quality, control, modeling, database, emissions, environment, hazardous, mercury, metals, pollutants, pollution, sampling, measurement, species, transformations,, RFA, Scientific Discipline, Air, Waste, Chemical Engineering, Air Quality, air toxics, Environmental Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Incineration/Combustion, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, Environmental Engineering, ambient air quality, emission control strategies, trace metal emissions, air pollutants, mercury, aerosol particles, emission control technologies, air quality models, hazardous air pollutants, combustion emissions, air pollution control, chemical kinetics of incineration, ambient emissions, metal vapor emissions, combustion technology, mercury absorbtion, combustion control, mercury sorbents, wet scrubber system, emissions contol engineering, atmospheric chemistry, combustion contaminants, metals, ambient metal species, atmospheric models, mercury abatement technology
Progress and Final Reports:
Main Center Abstract and Reports:R827649 Center for Air Toxic Metals® (CATM®)
Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
R827649C001 Development And Demonstration Of Trace Metals Database
R827649C002 Nickel Speciation Of Residual Oil Ash
R827649C003 Atmospheric Deposition: Air Toxics At Lake Superior
R827649C004 Novel Approaches For Prevention And Control For Trace Metals
R827649C005 Wet Scrubber System
R827649C006 Technology Commercialization And Education
R827649C007 Development Of Speciation And Sampling Tools For Mercury In Flue Gas
R827649C008 Process Impacts On Trace Element Speciation
R827649C009 Mercury Transformations in Coal Combustion Flue Gas
R827649C010 Nickel, Chromium, and Arsenic Speciation of Ambient Particulate Matter in the Vicinity of an Oil-Fired Utility Boiler
R827649C011 Transition Metal Speciation of Fossil Fuel Combustion Flue Gases
R827649C012 Fundamental Study of the Impact of SCR on Mercury Speciation
R827649C013 Development of Mercury Sampling and Analytical Techniques
R827649C014 Longer-Term Testing of Continuous Mercury Monitors
R827649C015 Long-Term Mercury Monitoring at North Dakota Power Plants
R827649C016 Development of a Laser Absorption Continuous Mercury Monitor
R827649C017 Development of Mercury Control Technologies
R827649C018 Developing SCR Technology Options for Mercury Oxidation in Western Fuels
R827649C019 Modeling Mercury Speciation in Coal Combustion Systems
R827649C020 Stability of Mercury in Coal Combustion By-Products and Sorbents
R827649C021 Mercury in Alternative Fuels
R827649C022 Studies of Mercury Metabolism and Selenium Physiology