2003 Progress Report: Nickel, Chromium, and Arsenic Speciation of Ambient Particulate Matter in the Vicinity of an Oil-Fired Utility Boiler

EPA Grant Number: R827649C010
Subproject: this is subproject number 010 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R827649
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: Center for Air Toxic Metals® (CATM®)
Center Director: Groenewold, Gerald
Title: Nickel, Chromium, and Arsenic Speciation of Ambient Particulate Matter in the Vicinity of an Oil-Fired Utility Boiler
Investigators: Pavlish, John H. , Benson, Steven A. , Galbreath, Kevin C. , Timpe, Ronald C. , Zygarlicke, Christopher J. , Hassett, David J. , Holmes, Michael J. , Miller, Stanley J. , Laudal, Dennis L. , Olson, Edwin S. , Thompson, Jeffrey S. , Heebink, Loreal V. , Ralston, Nicholas V.C. , Mibeck, Blaise , Kong, Lingbu
Institution: University of North Dakota
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: October 15, 1999 through October 14, 2004
Project Period Covered by this Report: October 15, 2002 through October 14, 2003
RFA: Center for Air Toxic Metals (CATM) (1998) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Targeted Research

Objective:

The objective of the research conducted by the Center for Air Toxic Metals (CATM) is to address air toxic trace element emissions, which have become a matter of worldwide concern as well as a regulatory issue in the United States. The goal of CATM is to develop key information on air toxic metal compounds to support development and implementation of pollution prevention and control strategies that will reduce air toxic metal emissions and releases to the environment.

Progress Summary:

Ambient particulate matter (PM), PM10, and PM2.5 were sampled continuously during August 26–31, 2002, from an urban state and local air monitoring station site in the vicinity of two oil- and gas-burning power plants. Urban PM, PM10, and PM2.5 samples were analyzed using X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy during October 18–22, 2002, at the National Synchrotron Light Source at Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York. Preliminary XAFS data reduction procedures indicate that Ni and Cr were present in sufficient concentrations in all three samples to obtain good X-ray absorption spectra; however, As was below the detection limit (≈2 ppm). XAFS is being used to determine the speciation of Ni and Cr in ambient PM, PM10, and PM2.5 samples directly.

This is one of the research projects funded by the Center. For descriptions of the other research conducted by CATM, see the 2003 Annual Reports for R827649C006, R827649C009, and R827649C011 through R827649C022.

Future Activities:

This project will continue in the next year.

Supplemental Keywords:

air, toxic, air quality, control, modeling, database, emissions, environment, hazardous, mercury, metals, pollutants, pollution, sampling, measurement, species, transformations,, Scientific Discipline, Air, Toxics, Chemical Engineering, Environmental Chemistry, HAPS, 33/50, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, Environmental Engineering, residual oil-fired utility boiler, Chromium, nickel speciation, chemical composition, chemical detection techniques, oil fired utility boiler, nickel & nickel compounds, Nickel Compounds, arsenic speciation, residual oil ash

Relevant Websites:

http://www.undeerc.org Exit
http://www.undeerc.org/catm/index.html Exit

Progress and Final Reports:

Original Abstract
  • 2000
  • 2001
  • 2002
  • Final Report

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R827649    Center for Air Toxic Metals® (CATM®)

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R827649C001 Development And Demonstration Of Trace Metals Database
    R827649C002 Nickel Speciation Of Residual Oil Ash
    R827649C003 Atmospheric Deposition: Air Toxics At Lake Superior
    R827649C004 Novel Approaches For Prevention And Control For Trace Metals
    R827649C005 Wet Scrubber System
    R827649C006 Technology Commercialization And Education
    R827649C007 Development Of Speciation And Sampling Tools For Mercury In Flue Gas
    R827649C008 Process Impacts On Trace Element Speciation
    R827649C009 Mercury Transformations in Coal Combustion Flue Gas
    R827649C010 Nickel, Chromium, and Arsenic Speciation of Ambient Particulate Matter in the Vicinity of an Oil-Fired Utility Boiler
    R827649C011 Transition Metal Speciation of Fossil Fuel Combustion Flue Gases
    R827649C012 Fundamental Study of the Impact of SCR on Mercury Speciation
    R827649C013 Development of Mercury Sampling and Analytical Techniques
    R827649C014 Longer-Term Testing of Continuous Mercury Monitors
    R827649C015 Long-Term Mercury Monitoring at North Dakota Power Plants
    R827649C016 Development of a Laser Absorption Continuous Mercury Monitor
    R827649C017 Development of Mercury Control Technologies
    R827649C018 Developing SCR Technology Options for Mercury Oxidation in Western Fuels
    R827649C019 Modeling Mercury Speciation in Coal Combustion Systems
    R827649C020 Stability of Mercury in Coal Combustion By-Products and Sorbents
    R827649C021 Mercury in Alternative Fuels
    R827649C022 Studies of Mercury Metabolism and Selenium Physiology