Integrating Land Use, Transportation, and Air Quality Modeling

EPA Grant Number: R831837
Title: Integrating Land Use, Transportation, and Air Quality Modeling
Investigators: Waddell, Paul , Bhat, Chandra , Layton, David F , Outwater, Maren , Pendyala, Ram
Institution: University of Washington - Seattle , The University of Texas at Austin , University of South Florida
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: September 16, 2004 through September 15, 2007 (Extended to September 15, 2008)
Project Amount: $700,000
RFA: Regional Development, Population Trend, and Technology Change Impacts on Future Air Pollution Emissions (2004) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Global Climate Change , Climate Change , Air

Objective:

The proposal focuses on one of the key research questions identified in the RFA: “How might models that project changes in land-use and activity locations be improved to better reflect and integrate lifestyle, economic production, and public policy factors that drive vehicle miles traveled?” Our proposal addresses this research topic by building on UrbanSim, an Open Source urban simulation system developed in the last several years at the Center for Urban Simulation and Policy Analysis (CUSPA) at the University of Washington. We propose to integrate into this platform an activity-based travel model component and a network assignment component, and tightly couple this system to air emissions models (Mobile6 and its successor, MOVES).

Approach:

We propose to develop and test this integrated system in the Puget Sound region, working collaboratively with the Puget Sound Regional Council, a partner in CUSPA, which is currently funding the application of UrbanSim to the Puget Sound Region. We also propose to leverage an existing NSF Information Technology Research grant awarded to CUSPA, to develop the software infrastructure required for this platform. We intend to use this integrated model to assess the relative influence of transportation infrastructure, pricing, land use policies including smart growth, and demographic and economic trends, on VMT and emissions over a 30-year horizon.

Expected Results:

A key result of the project will be the development of an integrated, Open Source software platform that integrates for the first time land use, activity-based travel, and network assignment, and couples this to current and emerging emissions modeling software. This platform will provide a new capacity for integrated land use, transportation and air quality modeling to support air quality planning in metropolitan areas throughout the United States. This project will provide cities, counties, metropolitan planning organizations, and states improved tools to improve air quality and coordinate land use and transportation planning in order to promote social and economic wellbeing and reduce environmental harm to air, water, and sensitive habitat.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this project: View all 60 publications for this project

Journal Articles:

Journal Articles have been submitted on this project: View all 18 journal articles for this project

Supplemental Keywords:

Media: (media, air, ambient air, atmosphere, ozone, mobile sources), Risk Assessment: (risk, risk assessment, effects, vulnerability, sensitive populations, population, stressor, age, race, sex, ethnic groups, cumulative effects), Chemicals, Toxics, Toxic Substances: (chemicals, toxics, particulates, ODS, VOC, CFCs, nitrogen oxides, sulfates, organics), Ecosystem Protection: (ecosystem, indicators, restoration, regionalization, scaling, integrated assessment), Risk Management: (pollution prevention (alternatives, sustainable development)), Public Policy: (public policy, decision making, community-based, cost benefit, conjoint analysis, observation, nonmarket valuation, contingent valuation, survey, psychological, preferences, public good, Bayesian, socioeconomic, willingness-to-pay, compensation, conservation, environmental assets, sociological, land use, transportation, air quality. growth management, energy, security), Scientific Disciplines: (environmental chemistry, civil engineering, economics, social science, ecology, mathematics, statistics), Methods/Techniques: (modeling, simulation, monitoring, analytical, surveys, measurement methods), Geographic Areas: (pacific northwest, Washington, WA, EPA Region 10, Sectors: (agriculture, business, transportation, industry), RFA, Health, PHYSICAL ASPECTS, Scientific Discipline, Air, Ecosystem Protection/Environmental Exposure & Risk, RESEARCH, Health Risk Assessment, climate change, Air Pollution Effects, Risk Assessments, Monitoring/Modeling, Monitoring, Physical Processes, Environmental Monitoring, Ecological Risk Assessment, ecosystem models, integrated assessments, particulate matter, remote sensing, air quality modeling, atmospheric measurements, model-based analysis, motor vehicle emissions, fine particles, automobile exhaust, exposure, global change, model assisted estimation, air pollution, green house gas concentrations, air quality model, modeling, human exposure, climate models, extreme heat events, environmental stressors, human activity, landscape characterization, air quality assessments, airborne urban contaminants, human health risk, land use, air quality, ambient air pollution, public health effects, ozone concentrations, transportation, atmospheric chemistry

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 2005 Progress Report
  • 2006 Progress Report
  • 2007 Progress Report
  • Final Report