Integrated Chemical Complex and Cogeneration Analysis System: Greenhouse Gas Management and Pollution Prevention SolutionsEPA Grant Number: R831276C018
Subproject: this is subproject number 018 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant CR831276
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
Center: Gulf Coast HSRC (Lamar)
Center Director: Ho, Tho C.
Title: Integrated Chemical Complex and Cogeneration Analysis System: Greenhouse Gas Management and Pollution Prevention Solutions
Investigators: Yaws, Carl L. , Lou, Helen
Institution: Lamar University
EPA Project Officer: Lasat, Mitch
Project Period: December 1, 2003 through November 30, 2004
Project Amount: Refer to main center abstract for funding details.
RFA: Gulf Coast Hazardous Substance Research Center (Lamar University) (1996) RFA Text | Recipients Lists
Research Category: Hazardous Waste/Remediation , Targeted Research
A Chemical Complex and Cogeneration Analysis System is being developed by industry-university collaboration to assist in overcoming growth and productivity limitations in the chemical industry by inefficient power generation and greenhouse gas emission constraints. Results from using the System demonstrates how new processes can be integrated into existing chemical complexes to convert greenhouse gases into useful products and to reduce energy consumption and emissions by cogeneration. This system is an advanced technology that determines the best configuration of plants in a chemical complex based on the AIChE Total Cost Assessment (TCA) for economic, energy, environmental and sustainable costs and an integrated cogeneration sequential layer analysis. Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) method will be utilized for assessing the environmental performance of the product and process from "cradle to grave". The software SimaPro 5.1 will be adopted in the modeling and analysis of complex life cycles in a clear and transparent way following the ISO 14040 standards. The LCA perspective will be integrated into TCA to facilitate the decision-making.
The objective of the project is to develop a system that will be used by corporate engineering groups for regional economic, energy, environmental and sustainable development planning for energy efficient and environmentally acceptable plants. They will be able to convert the company's goals and capital into viable projects that are profitable and meet energy and environmental requirements by developing and applying a regional methodology for cogeneration and conversion of greenhouse gases to saleable products. With this System engineers will have a new technology to consider projects in depths significantly beyond current capabilities.
A prototype of the System has been completed that combines a cogeneration design system with a chemical complex analysis system, and it has been applied to an agricultural chemical production complex in the Baton Rouge-New Orleans Mississippi river corridor. Preliminary results showed that replacing the conventional acetic acid process in the existing complex with a new catalytic process that converts carbon dioxide and methane has a potential savings of $750,000 per year for steam, 275 trillion BTUs per year in energy, 3.5 tons per year in NOx and 49,300 tons per year in carbon dioxide emissions.
The chemical production complex in the lower Mississippi River corridor is one of several worldwide complexes that can benefit from using carbon dioxide as a raw material and from the resulting reduced emissions and energy consumption. The results of this research and development will be directly applicable to these multi-plant complexes, especially the one in Houston, the largest complex in the world.
Supplemental Keywords:RFA, Scientific Discipline, Air, INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION, Sustainable Industry/Business, POLLUTION PREVENTION, air toxics, cleaner production/pollution prevention, Environmental Chemistry, Sustainable Environment, Air Pollutants, Energy, Technology for Sustainable Environment, Economics and Business, Chemistry and Materials Science, Chemicals Management, Environmental Engineering, emission control strategies, life cycle analysis, cleaner production, environmentally friendly technology, clean technology, emission controls, alternative solvents, carbon dioxide, energy efficiency, NOx stripping, emissions control, life cycle assessment, economic analysis, alternatives to CFCs, chemical industry, cogeneration analysis, nitrogen oxides (Nox), air emissions, chemical amalysis, Total Cost Assessment, alternative chemical synthesis, environmentally-friendly chemical synthesis, green chemistry
Progress and Final Reports:
Main Center Abstract and Reports:CR831276 Gulf Coast HSRC (Lamar)
Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
R831276C001 DNAPL Source Control by Reductive Dechlorination with Fe(II)
R831276C002 Arsenic Removal and Stabilization with Synthesized Pyrite
R831276C003 A Large-Scale Experimental Investigation of the Impact of Ethanol on Groundwater Contamination
R831276C004 Visible-Light-Responsive Titania Modified with Aerogel/Ferroelectric Optical Materials for VOC Oxidation
R831276C005 Development of a Microwave-Induced On-Site Regeneration Technology for Advancing the Control of Mercury and VOC Emissions Employing Activated Carbon
R831276C006 Pollution Prevention through Functionality Tracking and Property Integration
R831276C007 Compact Nephelometer System for On-Line Monitoring of Particulate Matter Emissions
R831276C008 Effect of Pitting Corrosion Promoters on the Treatment of Waters Contaminated with a Nitroaromatic Compounds Using Integrated Reductive/Oxidative Processes
R831276C009 Linear Polymer Chain and Bioengineered Chelators for Metals Remediation
R831276C010 Treatment of Perchlorate Contaminated Water Using a Combined Biotic/Abiotic Process
R831276C011 Rapid Determination of Microbial Pathways for Pollutant Degradation
R831276C012 Simulations of the Emission, Transport, Chemistry and Deposition of Atmospheric Mercury in the Upper Gulf Coast Region
R831276C013 Reduction of Environmental Impact and Improvement of Intrinsic Security in Unsteady-state
R831276C014 Integrated Chemical Complex and Cogeneration Analysis System: Greenhouse Gas Management and Pollution Prevention Solutions
R831276C015 Improved Combustion Catalysts for NOx Emission Reduction
R831276C016 A Large-Scale Experimental Investigation of the Impact of Ethanol on Groundwater Contamination
R831276C017 Minimization of Hazardous Ion-Exchange Brine Waste by Biological Treatment of Perchlorate and Nitrate to Allow Brine Recycle
R831276C018 Integrated Chemical Complex and Cogeneration Analysis System: Greenhouse Gas Management and Pollution Prevention Solutions