Tin Zeolites for Partial Oxidation Catalysis

EPA Grant Number: R825370C072
Subproject: this is subproject number 072 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R825370
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: EERC - National Center for Clean Industrial and Treatment Technologies (CenCITT)
Center Director: Crittenden, John C.
Title: Tin Zeolites for Partial Oxidation Catalysis
Investigators: Root, Thatcher W.
Institution: University of Wisconsin - Madison
EPA Project Officer: Klieforth, Barbara I
Project Period: January 1, 1997 through January 1, 1999
RFA: Exploratory Environmental Research Centers (1992) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Center for Clean Industrial and Treatment Technologies (CenCITT) , Targeted Research


This investigation of novel zeolites with tin framework substitution has the following two objectives:

1) exploration of reaction activity and selectivity for hydrogen peroxide partial oxidation of selected organic chemicals; and
2) mechanistic studies of tin active sites to define the limiting behavior possible with this class of catalysts.


The project work plan involves several steps:

    1) synthesis of novel tin-containing zeolites,
    2) measurement of reaction kinetics and selectivities for candidate reaction systems, and
    3) spectroscopic studies using a variety of sophisticated catalyst characterization techniques, including our specialty of solid-state multinuclear nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) (for routine studies of Si, novel investigation of Sn).

In their lab, the investigators have established new capabilities for synthesizing silicalite and tin-containing silicalites. Several routine zeolite structural characterization or verification tools have been implemented, including XRD, FTIR, and ICP, which allow us to demonstrate critical tin incorporation into the zeolite lattice.

The investigators have built, calibrated, and operated two batch microreactors that allow us to measure reaction kinetics and selectivities for our initial test reaction, oxidation of phenol to hydroquinone or catechol using hydrogen peroxide. We have also investigated the use of ethylbenzene oxidation as an alternative probe reaction. Now underway are experiments aimed at refining the zeolite synthesis, both to better control tin content and to extend products to other promising silicate lattices in addition to the MFI structure.

The investigators are also improving reactor product analysis. Substantial effort is being focused on development of 119Sn solid-state NMR as a novel probe of the active site in these poorly understood catalysts. Difficulties have been encountered in consistency of zeolite synthesis from batch to batch, especially in the crystal yield, so this is receiving ongoing attention as we strive to modify procedures to minimize variations and maximize yields.

Expected Results:

This research is significant for development of environmentally benign chemical processes. Partial oxidation reactions abound in the specialty chemicals, fine chemicals, and pharmaceuticals industries, and often use undesirable chlorinated reactants to activate the reactions, or have other inorganic co-reactants that produce substantial process waste. Replacement of these processes with new chemistry using the benign reactant hydrogen peroxide is desirable, but these new processes will require innovative catalysts that activate the peroxide and direct its selective oxidation reactions.

One successful example is the use of titanosilicalite TS-1 by an Enichem plant in Italy for the oxidation of phenol to hydroquinone and catechol (used in photography, pigments, and pharmaceuticals). Recent work has shown that substitution of tin, vanadium, or other reducible elements into silicalite can potentially produce new catalysts that allow control of the selectivity between products for these reactions. Other partial oxidation reactions using hydrogen peroxide, such as olefin expoxidation, are also possible with these catalysts, but have not yet been explored or developed into practical processes.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this subproject: View all 1 publications for this subprojectView all 157 publications for this center

Supplemental Keywords:

technology for sustainable environment, environmental chemistry, clean technology, environmental engineering, pollution prevention, cleaner production, environmentally benign chemical processes, catalytic research, tin zeolites, catalytic oxidation., RFA, Scientific Discipline, INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION, TREATMENT/CONTROL, Ecosystem Protection/Environmental Exposure & Risk, POLLUTANTS/TOXICS, Sustainable Industry/Business, Chemical Engineering, cleaner production/pollution prevention, Environmental Chemistry, Sustainable Environment, Chemicals, Chemistry, Technology, Technology for Sustainable Environment, computing technology, Engineering, pollution prevention, Environmental Engineering, oxidation catalysis, cleaner production, clean technologies, pollution prevention design tool, data sharing, clean technology, computer science, modeling, pollution control, Clean Process Advisory System (CPAS), catalytic studies, polymers, computer simulation modeling, environmental simulation and design tools, pollution prevention design, environmental data, catalytic hydrogenation, tin zeolites, catalysis, pollution prevention model, clean manufacturing designs

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 1997
  • Final

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R825370    EERC - National Center for Clean Industrial and Treatment Technologies (CenCITT)

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