VOC Exposure in an Industry Impacted Community

EPA Grant Number: R824834C003
Subproject: this is subproject number 003 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R824834
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC)
Center Director: Beskid, Craig
Title: VOC Exposure in an Industry Impacted Community
Investigators: Buckley, Timothy
Institution: The Johns Hopkins University
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: August 1, 1999 through December 31, 2000
RFA: Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC) (1997) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Congressionally Mandated Center , Urban Air Toxics , Targeted Research

Objective:

The objective of this study is to measure volatile organic compound (VOC) exposures to residents of a South Baltimore community living in close proximity to industrial emissions. The project will provide VOC exposure information to the concerned community, apportion indoor and outdoor sources, and evaluate benzene as an exposure biomarker.

Approach:

Using organic vapor monitor VOC badges, 40 adults and 15 children will be monitored for indoor, outdoor, and personal exposures to VOCs such as benzene, 1,3-butadiene, and carbon tetrachloride. A control group in a reference community will consist of 15 adult-child combinations.

Expected Results:

Previous studies have shown that source proximity had little or no effect on exposure since many VOC exposures are driven by indoor or mobile source emissions. This study site represents an extreme example of a community in close proximity to a number of large industrial sources, and this study will provide scientifically sound data comparing indoor and outdoor sources of exposure to VOCs.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this subproject: View all 2 publications for this subprojectView all 144 publications for this center

Supplemental Keywords:

urban, air pollution, exposure, monitoring, industrial emissions, VOCs., RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, Air, Toxics, Geographic Area, POLLUTANTS/TOXICS, Air Pollution, particulate matter, air toxics, Health Risk Assessment, Chemicals, State, Air Pollution Effects, Risk Assessments, Biochemistry, Environmental Monitoring, 33/50, carbon tetrachloride, health effects, urban air, urban air quality, air pollutants, epidemiology, human health effects, Baltimore, benzene, children, human exposure, Maryland (MD), lung inflamation, particulate exposure, PM, sensitive subgroups, urban air pollution, California, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), human health, minority children, human health risk, biomarker

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 2000
  • Final Report

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R824834    Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC)

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R824834C001 Air Toxics Exposures Among Teenagers in New York City and Los Angeles - A Columbia-Harvard Study (TEACH)
    R824834C002 Cardiopulmonary Response to Particulate Exposure
    R824834C003 VOC Exposure in an Industry Impacted Community
    R824834C004 A Study of Personal Exposure to Air Toxics Among a Subset of the Residential U.S. Population (VOC Project)
    R824834C005 Methods Development Project for a Study of Personal Exposures to Toxic Air Pollutants
    R824834C006 Relationship Between Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA)
    R824834C007 Development of the "Leland Legacy" Air Sampling Pump
    R824834C008 Source Apportionment of Indoor Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Urban Residences
    R824834C009 Development of a Personal Cascade Impactor Sampler (PCIS)
    R824834C010 Testing the Metals Hypothesis in Spokane
    R828678C001 Air Toxics Exposures Among Teenagers in New York City and Los Angeles—A Columbia-Harvard Study (TEACH)
    R828678C002 Cardiopulmonary Effects of Metal-Containing Particulate Exposure
    R828678C003 VOC Exposure in an Industry Impacted Community
    R828678C004 A Study of Personal Exposure to Air Toxics Among a Subset of the Residential U.S. Population (VOC Project)
    R828678C005 Oxygenated Urban Air Toxics and Asthma Variability in Middle School Children: A Panel Study (ATAC–Air Toxics and Asthma in Children)
    R828678C006 Relationship between Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA). Part II: Analyses of Concentrations of Particulate Matter Species
    R828678C007 Development of the “Leland Legacy” Air Sampling Pump
    R828678C008 Source Apportionment of Indoor PAHs in Urban Residences 98-03B
    R828678C009 Development of a Personal Cascade Impactor Sampler (PCIS)
    R828678C010 Testing the Metals Hypothesis in Spokane
    R828678C011 A Pilot Geospatial Analysis of Exposure to Air Pollutants (with Special Attention to Air Toxics) and Hospital Admissions in Harris County, Texas
    R828678C012 Impact of Exposure to Urban Air Toxics on Asthma Utilization for the Pediatric Medicaid Population in Dearborn, Michigan
    R828678C013 Field Validation of the Sioutas Sampler and Leland Legacy Pump – Joint Project with EPA’s Environmental Technology Validation Program (ETV)
    R828678C014 Performance Evaluation of the 3M Charcoal Vapor Monitor for Monitor Low Ambient Concentrations of VOCs
    R828678C015 RIOPA Database Development
    R828678C016 Contributions of Outdoor PM Sources to Indoor and Personal Exposures: Analysis of PM Species Concentrations” Focused on the PM Speciation and Apportioning of Sources
    R828678C017 The Short and Long-Term Respiratory Effects of Exposure to PAHs from Traffic in a Cohort of Asthmatic Children