Particle Transport and Deposit Morphology at the Sediment/Water Interface

EPA Grant Number: R825513C022
Subproject: this is subproject number 022 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R825513
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: HSRC (1989) - South and Southwest HSRC
Center Director: Reible, Danny D.
Title: Particle Transport and Deposit Morphology at the Sediment/Water Interface
Investigators: Wiesner, Mark R.
Institution: Rice University
EPA Project Officer: Hahn, Intaek
Project Period: January 1, 1995 through January 1, 1998
Project Amount: Refer to main center abstract for funding details.
RFA: Hazardous Substance Research Centers - HSRC (1989) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Hazardous Substance Research Centers , Land and Waste Management

Objective:

The study focused on deposits formed under two conditions of two extremes of fluid flow; quiescent settling and deposition from turbulent flow. This work was to answer specific questions including: "What does the interface look like?"; "What are the transport mechanisms that determine rate of deposition and the structure of the interface?"; and "What are the kinetics of formation of various portions of the interface?". One premise of the work was that the morphology of the interface is intimately related to, and in some cases predictable from the characteristics of the suspended particles and the local fluid flow. This study yields critical information needed to calculate mass transport across the sediment/water "boundary", to interpret data obtained from sediment cores, to determine sampling protocols for sediments, and to assess sediment remediation schemes.

Approach:

This work combined models for particle transport and transformation to describe the formation of the sediment/water interface under conditions in which particle deposition rather than resuspension dominate the overall flux of particles to and from sediment. The work was compose of four interrelated tasks: 1) particle deposition under different conditions of fluid flow experiments performed using laboratory suspensions of particles of various sizes and surface chemistries; 2) similar experiments were conducted using sediment material collected from Galveston Bay or another source; 3) experimental results were compared with numerical simulations of the deposition process; and 4) to better define the chemistry of the colloidal and fineparticle phases that exist in Galveston Bay.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this subproject: View all 7 publications for this subprojectView all 392 publications for this center

Journal Articles:

Journal Articles have been submitted on this subproject: View all 4 journal articles for this subprojectView all 106 journal articles for this center

Supplemental Keywords:

deposition, fluid flow, and suspended particles., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Waste, Water, Ecosystem Protection/Environmental Exposure & Risk, Chemical Engineering, Contaminated Sediments, Environmental Chemistry, Fate & Transport, Analytical Chemistry, Hazardous Waste, Ecology and Ecosystems, Hazardous, Environmental Engineering, fate and transport, hazardous waste management, hazardous waste treatment, risk assessment, sediment treatment, environmental technology, contaminated marine sediment, soil and groundwater remediation, biodegradation, kinetics, contaminated sediment, chemical contaminants, contaminated soil, hydrology, marine sediments, remediation, bioremediation of soils, chemical kinetics, deposit morphology, biotransformation, currents, technology transfer, anaerobic biotransformation, heavy metals, technical outreach, contaminant transport models

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 1995
  • 1996
  • Final Report

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R825513    HSRC (1989) - South and Southwest HSRC

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R825513C001 Sediment Resuspension and Contaminant Transport in an Estuary.
    R825513C002 Contaminant Transport Across Cohesive Sediment Interfaces.
    R825513C003 Mobilization and Fate of Inorganic Contaminant due to Resuspension of Cohesive Sediment.
    R825513C004 Source Identification, Transformation, and Transport Processes of N-, O- and S- Containing Organic Chemicals in Wetland and Upland Sediments.
    R825513C005 Mobility and Transport of Radium from Sediment and Waste Pits.
    R825513C006 Anaerobic Biodegradation of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene and Other Nitroaromatic Compounds by Clostridium Acetobutylicum.
    R825513C007 Investigation on the Fate and Biotransformation of Hexachlorobutadiene and Chlorobenzenes in a Sediment-Water Estuarine System
    R825513C008 An Investigation of Chemical Transport from Contaminated Sediments through Porous Containment Structures
    R825513C009 Evaluation of Placement and Effectiveness of Sediment Caps
    R825513C010 Coupled Biological and Physicochemical Bed-Sediment Processes
    R825513C011 Pollutant Fluxes to Aquatic Systems via Coupled Biological and Physicochemical Bed-Sediment Processes
    R825513C012 Controls on Metals Partitioning in Contaminated Sediments
    R825513C013 Phytoremediation of TNT Contaminated Soil and Groundwaters
    R825513C014 Sediment-Based Remediation of Hazardous Substances at a Contaminated Military Base
    R825513C015 Effect of Natural Dynamic Changes on Pollutant-Sediment Interaction
    R825513C016 Desorption of Nonpolar Organic Pollutants from Historically Contaminated Sediments and Dredged Materials
    R825513C017 Modeling Air Emissions of Organic Compounds from Contaminated Sediments and Dredged Materials title change in last year to "Long-term Release of Pollutants from Contaminated Sediment Dredged Material"
    R825513C018 Development of an Integrated Optic Interferometer for In-Situ Monitoring of Volatile Hydrocarbons
    R825513C019 Bioremediation of Contaminated Sediments and Dredged Material
    R825513C020 Bioremediation of Sediments Contaminated with Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons
    R825513C021 Role of Particles in Mobilizing Hazardous Chemicals in Urban Runoff
    R825513C022 Particle Transport and Deposit Morphology at the Sediment/Water Interface
    R825513C023 Uptake of Metal Ions from Aqueous Solutions by Sediments
    R825513C024 Bioavailability of Desorption Resistant Hydrocarbons in Sediment-Water Systems.
    R825513C025 Interactive Roles of Microbial and Spartina Populations in Mercury Methylation Processes in Bioremediation of Contaminated Sediments in Salt-Marsh Systems
    R825513C026 Evaluation of Physical-Chemical Methods for Rapid Assessment of the Bioavailability of Moderately Polar Compounds in Sediments
    R825513C027 Freshwater Bioturbators in Riverine Sediments as Enhancers of Contaminant Release
    R825513C028 Characterization of Laguna Madre Contaminated Sediments.
    R825513C029 The Role of Competitive Adsorption of Suspended Sediments in Determining Partitioning and Colloidal Stability.
    R825513C030 Remediation of TNT-Contaminated Soil by Cyanobacterial Mat.
    R825513C031 Experimental and Detailed Mathematical Modeling of Diffusion of Contaminants in Fluids
    R825513C033 Application of Biotechnology in Bioremediation of Contaminated Sediments
    R825513C034 Characterization of PAH's Degrading Bacteria in Coastal Sediments
    R825513C035 Dynamic Aspects of Metal Speciation in the Miami River Sediments in Relation to Particle Size Distribution of Chemical Heterogeneity