Center for Air Toxic Metals (CATM)

EPA Grant Number: R827649
Center: Center for Air Toxic Metals® (CATM®)
Center Director: Groenewold, Gerald
Title: Center for Air Toxic Metals (CATM)
Investigators: Groenewold, Gerald
Current Investigators: Pavlish, John H. , Benson, Steven A. , Galbreath, Kevin C. , Zygarlicke, Christopher J. , Holmes, Michael J. , Miller, Stanley J.
Institution: University of North Dakota
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: October 15, 1999 through October 14, 2003
Project Amount: $4,772,400
RFA: Center for Air Toxic Metals (CATM) (1998) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Targeted Research

Objective:

The mission of CATM is to provide a national coordinated and practically oriented multidisciplinary research, development, and training program on the prevention, transformation, behavior, and control of potentially toxic metal emissions from energy-producing and incineration systems and on the prevention and minimization of the effect of these metals on the environment through partnerships developed with industry, research institutions, and government.

The goal of CATM is to develop key information on air toxic metal compounds such that pollution prevention strategies can be developed and implemented to reduce air toxic metals emissions. Specific objectives include: (1) elucidate air toxic transformation mechanisms and pathways in energy-producing and incenerating systems, (2) develop technologies to control metals behavior and emissions, (3) develop environmentally sound methods to utilize and dispose of residuals, (4) develop methods to sample and analyze air toxics, (5) develop predictive tools and databases, (6) develop partnerships with industry, (7) develop environmental awareness and pollution prevention programs through education, and (8) commercialize results and technologies that can be used to reduce overall trace element emissions.

CATM is organized into five integrated program areas; (1) air toxi metals transformation mechanisms, (2) Analytical methods development, (3) emission control technology evaluation and enhancement, (4) modeling and database development, (5) technology commercialization and education.


Journal Articles: 39 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other center views: All 235 publications 78 publications in selected types All 39 journal articles
Type Citation Sub Project Document Sources
Journal Article Benson S. Air quality conference status of research on mercury. Filtration & Separation 1999;36(6):4. R827649 (2000)
R827649 (Final)
  • Full-text: Science Direct PDF
    Exit
  • Journal Article Benson SA. Air quality III: mercury, trace elements, and particulate matter--Preface. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):423-424. R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Other: ScienceDirect - Citation
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  • Journal Article Biswas P, Senior C, Chang R, Vidic R, Laudal D, Brown T. Critical review discussion--mercury measurement and its control:what we know, have learned, and need to further investigate. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 1999;49(12):1469-1473. R827649 (Final)
  • Abstract: AWMA
    Exit
  • Journal Article Dronen LC, Moore AE, Kozliak EI, Seames WS. An assessment of acid wash and bioleaching pre-treating options to remove mercury from coal. Fuel 2004;83(2):181-186. R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    not available
    Journal Article Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ. Mercury transformations in coal combustion flue gas. Fuel Processing Technology 2000;65-66:289-310. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect - Abstract
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  • Journal Article Galbreath KC, Toman DL, Zygarlicke CJ, Huggins FE, Huffman GP, Wong JL. Nickel speciation of residual oil fly ash and ambient particulate matter using X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2000;50(11):1876-1886. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Full-text: Taylor&Francis - Full Text PDF
    Exit
  • Abstract: Taylor&Francis - Abstract
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  • Journal Article Galbreath KC, Toman DL, Zygarlicke CJ, Pavlish JH. Trace element partitioning and transformations during combustion of bituminous and subbituminous U.S. coals in a 7-kW combustion system. Energy & Fuels 2000;14(6):1265-1279. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Abstract: Energy&Fuels-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ, Olson ES, Pavlish JH, Toman DL. Evaluating mercury transformation mechanisms in a laboratory-scale combustion system. Science of the Total Environment 2000;261(1-3):149-155. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Full-text: ScienceDirect - Full Text
    Exit
  • Journal Article Galbreath KC, Crocker CR, Nyberg CM, Huggins FE, Huffman GP, Larson KP. Nickel speciation measurements of urban particulate matter: method evaluation and relevance to risk assessment. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 2003;5(3):56N-61N. R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Associated PubMed link
  • Abstract: RSC-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ. Formation and chemical speciation of arsenic-, chromium-, and nickel-bearing coal combustion PM2.5. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):701-726. R827649 (2002)
    R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Galbreath KC, Zygarlicke CJ, Tibbetts JE, Schulz RL, Dunham GE. Effects of NOx, α-Fe2O3, γ-Fe2O3, and HCl on mercury transformations in a 7-kW coal combustion system. Fuel Processing Technology 2005;86(4):429-448. R827649 (2002)
    R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect-Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Hassett DJ, Eylands KE. Mercury capture on coal combustion fly ash. Fuel 1999;78(2):243-248. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (Final)
  • Full-text: Science Direct
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  • Abstract: Science Direct
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  • Other: Science Direct PDF
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  • Journal Article Hassett DJ, Heebink LV, Pflughoeft-Hassett DF. Potential for mercury vapor release from coal combustion by-products. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):613-620. R827649 (2002)
    R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect - Abstract
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  • Journal Article Heebink LV, Hassett DJ. Release of mercury vapor from coal combustion ash. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2002;52(8):927-930. R827649 (2002)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Full-text: Taylor & Francis Online - Full Text
    Exit
  • Abstract: Taylor & Francis Online - Abstract
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  • Journal Article Jensen RR, Karki S, Salehfar H. Artificial neural network-based estimation of mercury speciation in combustion flue gases. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):451-462. R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Laudal DL, Brown TD, Nott BR. Effects of flue gas constituents on mercury speciation. Fuel Processing Technology 2000;65-66:157-165. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (Final)
  • Abstract:
    Exit
  • Journal Article Laudal DL, Pavlish JH, Graves J, Stockdill D. Mercury mass balances: a case study of two North Dakota power plants. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2000;50(10):1798-1804. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Full-text: Taylor & Francis Online - Full Text
    Exit
  • Abstract: Taylor & Francis Online - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Laudal DL, Thompson JS, Pavlish JH, Brickett LA, Chu P. Use of continuous mercury monitors at coal-fired utilities. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):501-511. R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Laudal DL, Thompson JS, Pavlish JH, Brickett L, Chu P, Srivastava RK, Lee CW, Kilgroe J. Mercury speciation at power plants using SCR and SNCR control technologies. EM Magazine 2003;(Feb):16-22. R827649 (2002)
    R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    R827649C001 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Full-text: EM Magazine - Full Text
    Exit
  • Journal Article Laumb JD, Benson SA, Olson EA. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis of mercury sorbent surface chemistry. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):577-585. R827649 (2002)
    R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Mann MD. Mercury emissions. FGD and DeNOx Newsletter, May 1999, No. 253, pp. 5-6. R827649 (2000)
    not available
    Journal Article Miller SJ, Dunham GE, Olson ES, Brown TD. Flue gas effects on a carbon-based mercury sorbent. Fuel Processing Technology 2000;65-66:343-363. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (Final)
  • Abstract: Science Direct
    Exit
  • Journal Article Olson ES, Miller SJ, Sharma RK, Dunham GE, Benson SA. Catalytic effects of carbon sorbents for mercury capture. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2000;74(1-2):61-79. R827649 (2001)
    R827649C001 (2001)
    R827649C001 (Final)
    not available
    Journal Article Olson ES, Sharma RK, Pavlish JH. On the analysis of mercuric nitrate in flue gas by GC-MS. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 2002;374(6):1045-1049. R827649 (2002)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Abstract: Springer - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Olson ES, Laumb JD, Benson SA, Dunham GE, Sharma RK, Mibeck BA, Miller SJ, Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH. Chemical mechanisms in mercury emission control technologies. Journal de Physique IV 2003;107:979-982. R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Abstract: Journal de Physique IV - Abstract
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  • Other: Harvard - Abstract
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  • Journal Article Olson ES, Crocker CR, Benson SA, Pavlish JH, Holmes MJ. Surface compositions of carbon sorbents exposed to simulated low-rank coal flue gases. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2005;55(6):747-754. R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Full-text: Taylor & Francis Online - Full Text
    Exit
  • Abstract: Taylor & Francis Online - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Pavlish JH, Sondreal EA, Mann MD, Olson ES, Galbreath KC, Laudal DL, Benson SA. Status review of mercury control options for coal-fired power plants. Fuel Processing Technology 2003;82(2-3):89-165. R827649 (2002)
    R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect - Abstract
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  • Other: RefDoc - Abstract
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  • Journal Article Pavlish JH, Holmes MJ, Benson SA, Crocker CR, Galbreath KC. Application of sorbents for mercury control for utilities burning lignite coal. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):563-576. R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Raymond LJ, Ralston NVC. Mercury: selenium interactions and health implications. Seychelles Medical and Dental Journal 2004;7(1):72-77. R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
  • Full-text: CanAlt Laboratories - PDF
    Exit
  • Journal Article Sondreal EA, Pavlish JH, Benson SA, Feeley T. Status of particulate matter research and development. Filtration & Separation 1999;36(2):11. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Full-text: ScienceDirect - Full Text
    Exit
  • Other: ScienceDirect - Citation Information
    Exit
  • Journal Article Sondreal EA, Benson SA, Pavlish JH. Status of research on air quality: mercury, trace elements, and particulate matter. Fuel Processing Technology 2000;65-66:5-19. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (Final)
  • Abstract: Science Direct
    Exit
  • Journal Article Sondreal EA, Jones ML, Groenewold GH. Tides and trends in the world's electric power industry. The Electricity Journal 2001;14(1):61-79. R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Full-text: ScienceDirect - Full Text
    Exit
  • Journal Article Sondreal EA, Benson SA, Hurley JP, Mann MD, Pavlish JH, Swanson ML, Weber GF, Zygarlicke CJ. Review of advances in combustion technology and biomass cofiring. Fuel Processing Technology 2001;71(1-3):7-38. R827649 (2001)
    R827649C001 (2001)
    R827649C001 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Sondreal EA, Benson SA, Pavlish JH, Ralston NVC. An overview of Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):425-440. R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Thompson JS, Pavlish JH. Cryogenic trapping of oxidized mercury species from combustion flue gas. Fuel Processing Technology 2000;65-66:167-175. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (Final)
  • Abstract: Science Direct
    Exit
  • Journal Article Timpe RC, Mann MD, Pavlish JH. Organic sulfur and hap removal from coal using hydrothermal treatment. Fuel Processing Technology 2001;73(2):127-141. R827649 (2000)
    R827649 (2001)
    R827649C001 (2001)
    R827649C001 (Final)
    not available
    Journal Article Zhao Y, Mann MD, Pavlish JH, Mibeck BAF, Dunham GE, Olson ES. Application of gold catalyst for mercury oxidation by chlorine. Environmental Science & Technology 2006;40(5):1603-1608. R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
    CR830929 (2005)
    CR830929 (2006)
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Abstract: Environmental Science & Technology - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Zhuang Y, Zygarlicke CJ, Galbreath KC, Thompson JS, Holmes MJ, Pavlish JH. Kinetic transformation of mercury in coal combustion flue gas in a bench-scale entrained-flow reactor. Fuel Processing Technology 2004;85(6-7):463-472. R827649 (2002)
    R827649 (2003)
    R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
  • Abstract: ScienceDirect - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Zhuang Y, Thompson JS, Zygarlicke CJ, Pavlish JH. Development of a mercury transformation model in coal combustion flue gas. Environmental Science & Technology 2004;38(21):5803-5808. R827649 (Final)
    CR830929 (2004)
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Abstract: ACS - Abstract
    Exit
  • Supplemental Keywords:

    RFA, Scientific Discipline, Air, Waste, Sustainable Industry/Business, Chemical Engineering, air toxics, cleaner production/pollution prevention, Environmental Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Environmental Monitoring, Ecology and Ecosystems, Incineration/Combustion, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, Environmental Engineering, ambient air quality, emission control strategies, combustion byproducts, trace metal emissions, air pollutants, cleaner production, mercury, aerosol particles, emission control technologies, environmentally friendly technology, air quality models, hazardous air pollutants, combustion emissions, air pollution control, clean technology, chemical kinetics of incineration, emission controls, ambient emissions, metal vapor emissions, energy efficiency, combustion technology, combustion control, combustion, pollution prevention, air emissions, emissions contol engineering, atmospheric chemistry, combustion contaminants, green technology, metals, ambient metal species, atmospheric models

    Progress and Final Reports:

  • 2000 Progress Report
  • 2001 Progress Report
  • 2002 Progress Report
  • Final Report
  • Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R827649C001 Development And Demonstration Of Trace Metals Database
    R827649C002 Nickel Speciation Of Residual Oil Ash
    R827649C003 Atmospheric Deposition: Air Toxics At Lake Superior
    R827649C004 Novel Approaches For Prevention And Control For Trace Metals
    R827649C005 Wet Scrubber System
    R827649C006 Technology Commercialization And Education
    R827649C007 Development Of Speciation And Sampling Tools For Mercury In Flue Gas
    R827649C008 Process Impacts On Trace Element Speciation
    R827649C009 Mercury Transformations in Coal Combustion Flue Gas
    R827649C010 Nickel, Chromium, and Arsenic Speciation of Ambient Particulate Matter in the Vicinity of an Oil-Fired Utility Boiler
    R827649C011 Transition Metal Speciation of Fossil Fuel Combustion Flue Gases
    R827649C012 Fundamental Study of the Impact of SCR on Mercury Speciation
    R827649C013 Development of Mercury Sampling and Analytical Techniques
    R827649C014 Longer-Term Testing of Continuous Mercury Monitors
    R827649C015 Long-Term Mercury Monitoring at North Dakota Power Plants
    R827649C016 Development of a Laser Absorption Continuous Mercury Monitor
    R827649C017 Development of Mercury Control Technologies
    R827649C018 Developing SCR Technology Options for Mercury Oxidation in Western Fuels
    R827649C019 Modeling Mercury Speciation in Coal Combustion Systems
    R827649C020 Stability of Mercury in Coal Combustion By-Products and Sorbents
    R827649C021 Mercury in Alternative Fuels
    R827649C022 Studies of Mercury Metabolism and Selenium Physiology