Final Report: Adsorption of Hazardous Substances onto Soil Constituents

EPA Grant Number: R825549C015
Subproject: this is subproject number 015 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R825549
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: HSRC (1989) - Great Plains/Rocky Mountain HSRC
Center Director: Erickson, Larry E.
Title: Adsorption of Hazardous Substances onto Soil Constituents
Investigators: Schlup, John R.
Institution: Kansas State University
EPA Project Officer: Hahn, Intaek
Project Period: February 1, 1991 through February 1, 1993
Project Amount: Refer to main center abstract for funding details.
RFA: Hazardous Substance Research Centers - HSRC (1989) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Organic Chemical Contamination of Soil/Water , Land and Waste Management


The objective of the research is to investigate adsorbate-adsorbent interactions between inorganic solids representative of soil constituents and hazardous organic compounds.

Summary/Accomplishments (Outputs/Outcomes):

Very little information is available on adsorbate-adsorbent interactions involving hazardous organic compounds and soil constituents; however, such knowledge is essential for modeling and design of remediation processes.

The objective will be accomplished by obtaining adsorption isotherms for these systems along with infrared spectra of the samples obtained as a consequence of measuring the adsorption isotherms. In this way fundamental data concerning the mechanism of adsorption (obtained via infrared spectroscopy) can be correlated with macroscopic data of engineering interest (the adsorption isotherms).

Silica, alumina (gibbsite), kaolinite, and mondnorillonite were chosen as adsorbents characteristic of soil constituents. Naphthalene, phenanthrene, pyrene, and anthracene were chosen as model compounds representative of PAH systems. The ability of FTIR-PAS to observe adsorbed PAH materials, has been demonstrated for phenanthrene adsorbed onto silica. Adsorbed naphthalene has not been detected on a variety of adsorbents using FTIR-PAS. The infrared data indicate that competitive adsorption occurs between the solvent and the PAH compound being studied.

Ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy can be used for quantitative analysis of PAH's in solutions at the part per million level. Calibration curves suitable for use in quantitative analysis at these concentrations were obtained. Currently, initial experimental procedures were developed to permit measurement of adsorption isotherms from solutions of the PAH onto the adsorbent over a wide range of PAH concentrations.

These results are described in the two annual technical progress reports for EPA Award No. R-815709. The scientific progress through May, 1990, have been reported at the Conferences on Hazardous Waste Research in May, 1989, and in May, 1990, with the first being published in the corresponding Conference Proceedings (see List of Publications and Presentations, Berry and Schlup, 1989). A proposal for renewed funding of this project was submitted: however, that renewal request was rejected.

During the course of this project two undergraduate students participated in the research program, Ms. N. Berry and Ms. B. Leary. Mr. Jing Zeng (a Ph.D. student in chemical engineering at KSU) was added to this research program in late summer of I99O and was being trained in FTIR spectrosconic techniques at the time that the request for further funding was rejected.

In addition to the research directly focused on adsorption of hazardous material onto model soil constituents, assistance has been given to other participants in the Hazardous Substance Research Center for EPA Regions 7 and 8. The FTIR facilities were used to quantify microcosm treatability of contaminated soil (in collaboration with Dr. L. E. Erickson) using standard procedures for hydrocarbon analysis. Adsorption and decomposition of phosphorus compounds on activated magnesium oxides has been studied with FTIR-PAS (in conjunction with Dr. K. J. Klabunde of the Chemistry Department at KSU).

The broad utility of the instrumentation and techniques discussed herein is demonstrated by the fact that data obtained from these facilities were incorporated as a part of four presentations at the Conference on Hazardous Waste Research held at Kansas State University, May 1990. One undergraduate student, three graduate students, and a research associate from three research groups have received experience in the use of FTIR spectroscopy for analysis of hazardous waste systems as a consequence of this research program.

The results have been presented at several professional meetings and made available to interested parties.

Journal Articles on this Report : 1 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other subproject views: All 8 publications 1 publications in selected types All 1 journal articles
Other center views: All 904 publications 230 publications in selected types All 182 journal articles
Type Citation Sub Project Document Sources
Journal Article Li YX, Schlup JR, Klabunde KJ. Fourier-Transform infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy study of the adsorption of organophosphorus compounds on heat-treated magnesium oxide. Langmuir 1991;7(7):1394-1399. R825549C015 (Final)
not available

Supplemental Keywords:

adsorption, soil, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Waste, Water, Geographic Area, Remediation, Contaminated Sediments, Environmental Chemistry, Geochemistry, Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Hazardous Waste, Ecology and Ecosystems, Hazardous, EPA Region, sediment treatment, fate and transport, contaminant transport, soil and groundwater remediation, fate and transport , contaminated sediment, acid mine drainage, contaminated soil, bioremediation of soils, groundwater remediation, Region 7, Region 8, contaminated groundwater, hazardous organic compounds, hazardous wate, heavy metal contamination, bioremediation, groundwater

Relevant Websites: Exit

Progress and Final Reports:

Original Abstract
  • 1991

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R825549    HSRC (1989) - Great Plains/Rocky Mountain HSRC

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R825549C006 Fate of Trichloroethylene (TCE) in Plant/Soil Systems
    R825549C007 Experimental Study of Stabilization/Solidification of Hazardous Wastes
    R825549C008 Modeling Dissolved Oxygen, Nitrate and Pesticide Contamination in the Subsurface Environment
    R825549C009 Vadose Zone Decontamination by Air Venting
    R825549C010 Thermochemical Treatment of Hazardous Wastes
    R825549C011 Development, Characterization and Evaluation of Adsorbent Regeneration Processes for Treament of Hazardous Waste
    R825549C012 Computer Method to Estimate Safe Level Water Quality Concentrations for Organic Chemicals
    R825549C013 Removal of Nitrogenous Pesticides from Rural Well-Water Supplies by Enzymatic Ozonation Process
    R825549C014 The Characterization and Treatment of Hazardous Materials from Metal/Mineral Processing Wastes
    R825549C015 Adsorption of Hazardous Substances onto Soil Constituents
    R825549C016 Reclamation of Metal and Mining Contaminated Superfund Sites using Sewage Sludge/Fly Ash Amendment
    R825549C017 Metal Recovery and Reuse Using an Integrated Vermiculite Ion Exchange - Acid Recovery System
    R825549C018 Removal of Heavy Metals from Hazardous Wastes by Protein Complexation for their Ultimate Recovery and Reuse
    R825549C019 Development of In-situ Biodegradation Technology
    R825549C020 Migration and Biodegradation of Pentachlorophenol in Soil Environment
    R825549C021 Deep-Rooted Poplar Trees as an Innovative Treatment Technology for Pesticide and Toxic Organics Removal from Soil and Groundwater
    R825549C022 In-situ Soil and Aquifer Decontaminaiton using Hydrogen Peroxide and Fenton's Reagent
    R825549C023 Simulation of Three-Dimensional Transport of Hazardous Chemicals in Heterogeneous Soil Cores Using X-ray Computed Tomography
    R825549C024 The Response of Natural Groundwater Bacteria to Groundwater Contamination by Gasoline in a Karst Region
    R825549C025 An Electrochemical Method for Acid Mine Drainage Remediation and Metals Recovery
    R825549C026 Sulfide Size and Morphology Identificaiton for Remediation of Acid Producing Mine Wastes
    R825549C027 Heavy Metals Removal from Dilute Aqueous Solutions using Biopolymers
    R825549C028 Neutron Activation Analysis for Heavy Metal Contaminants in the Environment
    R825549C029 Reducing Heavy Metal Availability to Perennial Grasses and Row-Crops Grown on Contaminated Soils and Mine Spoils
    R825549C030 Alachlor and Atrazine Losses from Runoff and Erosion in the Blue River Basin
    R825549C031 Biodetoxification of Mixed Solid and Hazardous Wastes by Staged Anaerobic Fermentation Conducted at Separate Redox and pH Environments
    R825549C032 Time Dependent Movement of Dioxin and Related Compounds in Soil
    R825549C033 Impact of Soil Microflora on Revegetation Efforts in Southeast Kansas
    R825549C034 Modeling the use of Plants in Remediation of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated by Hazardous Organic Substances
    R825549C035 Development of Electrochemical Processes for Improved Treatment of Lead Wastes
    R825549C036 Innovative Treatment and Bank Stabilization of Metals-Contaminated Soils and Tailings along Whitewood Creek, South Dakota
    R825549C037 Formation and Transformation of Pesticide Degradation Products Under Various Electron Acceptor Conditions
    R825549C038 The Effect of Redox Conditions on Transformations of Carbon Tetrachloride
    R825549C039 Remediation of Soil Contaminated with an Organic Phase
    R825549C040 Intelligent Process Design and Control for the Minimization of Waste Production and Treatment of Hazardous Waste
    R825549C041 Heavy Metals Removal from Contaminated Water Solutions
    R825549C042 Metals Soil Pollution and Vegetative Remediation
    R825549C043 Fate and Transport of Munitions Residues in Contaminated Soil
    R825549C044 The Role of Metallic Iron in the Biotransformation of Chlorinated Xenobiotics
    R825549C045 Use of Vegetation to Enhance Bioremediation of Surface Soils Contaminated with Pesticide Wastes
    R825549C046 Fate and Transport of Heavy Metals and Radionuclides in Soil: The Impacts of Vegetation
    R825549C047 Vegetative Interceptor Zones for Containment of Heavy Metal Pollutants
    R825549C048 Acid-Producing Metalliferous Waste Reclamation by Material Reprocessing and Vegetative Stabilization
    R825549C049 Laboratory and Field Evaluation of Upward Mobilization and Photodegradation of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-P-Dioxins and Furans in Soil
    R825549C050 Evaluation of Biosparging Performance and Process Fundamentals for Site Remediation
    R825549C051 Field Scale Bioremediation: Relationship of Parent Compound Disappearance to Humification, Mineralization, Leaching, Volatilization of Transformaiton Intermediates
    R825549C052 Chelating Extraction of Heavy Metals from Contaminated Soils
    R825549C053 Application of Anaerobic and Multiple-Electron-Acceptor Bioremediation to Chlorinated Aliphatic Subsurface Contamination
    R825549C054 Application of PGNAA Remote Sensing Methods to Real-Time, Non-Intrusive Determination of Contaminant Profiles in Soils
    R825549C055 Design and Development of an Innovative Industrial Scale Process to Economically Treat Waste Zinc Residues
    R825549C056 Remediation of Soils Contaminated with Wood-Treatment Chemicals (PCP and Creosote)
    R825549C057 Effects of Surfactants on the Bioavailability and Biodegradation of Contaminants in Soils
    R825549C058 Contaminant Binding to the Humin Fraction of Soil Organic Matter
    R825549C059 Identifying Ground-Water Threats from Improperly Abandoned Boreholes
    R825549C060 Uptake of BTEX Compounds by Hybrid Poplar Trees in Hazardous Waste Remediation
    R825549C061 Biofilm Barriers for Waste Containment
    R825549C062 Plant Assisted Remediation of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated by Hazardous Organic Substances: Experimental and Modeling Studies
    R825549C063 Extension of Laboratory Validated Treatment and Remediation Technologies to Field Problems in Aquifer Soil and Water Contamination by Organic Waste Chemicals