Final Report: Development, Characterization and Evaluation of Adsorbent Regeneration Processes for Treament of Hazardous Waste

EPA Grant Number: R825549C011
Subproject: this is subproject number 011 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R825549
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: HSRC (1989) - Great Plains/Rocky Mountain HSRC
Center Director: Erickson, Larry E.
Title: Development, Characterization and Evaluation of Adsorbent Regeneration Processes for Treament of Hazardous Waste
Investigators: Kapila, Shubhender , Clevenger, Thomas E. , Puri, Ravi , Viswanath, D. S.
Institution: University of Missouri - Columbia
EPA Project Officer: Hahn, Intaek
Project Period: February 1, 1989 through May 1, 1992
Project Amount: Refer to main center abstract for funding details.
RFA: Hazardous Substance Research Centers - HSRC (1989) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Analysis/Treatment of Contaminated Soil , Land and Waste Management

Objective:

The three-year study was designed to address two important areas of hazardous work management:
  1. The reduction/elimination of hazardous waste; and
  2. The rapid chemical characterization of hazardous waste.

Summary/Accomplishments (Outputs/Outcomes):

In the first area, the specific objective of the project was the development and evaluation of a novel carbon generation process. In the second area, the objective was to develop supercritical fluid extraction-based methodologies for rapid chemical characterization of hazardous waste.

Adsorption is commonly used for the removal of hazardous organics from waste streams. Adsorbents that can be regenerated using supercritical fluids may provide significant cost and efficiency advantages. The methods may also have analytical chemistry applications.

Experiments have been carried out to determine the efficacy of desorption and regeneration of bonded alkyl siloxane adsorbents with supercritical carbon dioxide. Substances are desorbed and analyzed chromatographically. Sensitivities below parts per trillion can be measured with this method. Supercritical fluid extraction is being used to remove hazardous substances from soil.

Laboratory studies on the development of carbon regeneration process have been completed. The developed regeneration technology for granular activated carbon is effective. The process combines regeneration and destruction in a single step without the use of an external energy source. Its application for removal and destruction of polychlorinated biphenyls from transformer oils was also evaluated. The result revealed that carbon adsorption when coupled with a carbon regeneration oxidation procedure can be an effective process for removal and destruction of PCBs in mineral oil. The process is especially effective for the removal of highly toxic PCB congeners with non-ortho chlorine substitution.

Experiments to evaluate the applicability of supercritical fluid extraction for decontamination of soil and other solid matrices have been completed. The results show that supercritical fluid extraction technique can be used as a means to remove various xenobiotics from soil and is a promising technique for soil decontamination.

The results have been presented at scientific meetings and commuicated to interested parties. There is cooperation with Southern California Edison on this project.


Journal Articles on this Report : 10 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other subproject views: All 39 publications 10 publications in selected types All 10 journal articles
Other center views: All 904 publications 230 publications in selected types All 182 journal articles
Type Citation Sub Project Document Sources
Journal Article Cady JC, Kapila S, Manahan SE, Larsen DW, Yanders AF, Elseewi A. Evaluation of a novel carbon adsorbent for fractionation and treatment of halogenated organic wastes. Chemosphere 1990;20(10-12):1959-1966. R825549C011 (Final)
  • Full-text: ScienceDIrect-Full Text PDF
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  • Abstract: ScienceDirect-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Kapila S, Nam KS, Liu MH, Puri RK, Yanders AF. Promises and pitfalls of supercritical fluid extraction in polychlorinated compound analyses. Chemosphere 1992;25(1-2):11-16. R825549C011 (Final)
  • Full-text: ScienceDirect-Full Text PDF
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  • Abstract: ScienceDirect-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Kapila S, Byun J, Nam KS, Liu MH, Puri RK, Elseewi AA. A supercritical fluid extraction based closed loop system for decontamination of soil. Organohalogen Compounds 1992;8:263-266. R825549C011 (Final)
  • Full-text: Organohalogen Compounds-Full Text PDF
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  • Abstract: Organohalogen Compounds-Abstract (Introduction)
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  • Journal Article Liu MH, Kapila S, Yanders AF, Clevenger TE, Elseewi AA. Role of entrainers in supercritical fluid extraction of chlorinated aromatics from soils. Chemosphere 1991;23(8-10):1085-1095. R825549C011 (Final)
  • Full-text: ScienceDirect-Full Text PDF
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  • Abstract: ScienceDirect-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Liu MH, Kapila S, Puri RK, Yanders AF. Determination of chlorinated phenols by supercritical fluid extraction (SFE)–coupled liquid chromatography (LC) system. Organohalogen Compounds 1992;8:91-93. R825549C011 (Final)
  • Full-text: OrganohalogenCompounds-Full Text PDF
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  • Abstract: OrganohalogenCompounds-Abstract (Introduction)
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  • Journal Article Liu MH, Kapila S, Nam KS, Elseewi AA. Tandem supercritical fluid extraction and liquid chromatography system for determination of chlorinated phenols in solid matrices. Journal of Chromatography A 1993;639(2):151-157. R825549C011 (Final)
    R825549C049 (Final)
  • Full-text: ScienceDirect-Full Text PDF
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  • Abstract: ScienceDirect-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Nam KS, Kapila S, Yanders AF, Puri RK. Supercritical fluid extraction and cleanup procedures for determination of xenobiotics in biological samples. Chemosphere 1990;20(7-9):873-880. R825549C011 (Final)
  • Full-text: ScienceDirect-Full Text PDF
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  • Abstract: ScienceDirect-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Nam KS, Kapila S, Yanders AF, Puri RK. A multiple sample extraction and on-line system for the analysis of chlorinated compounds. Chemosphere 1991;23(8-10):1109-1116. R825549C011 (Final)
  • Full-text: ScienceDirect-Full Text PDF
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  • Abstract: ScienceDirect-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Nam KS, Kapila S, Puri RK, Yanders AF, Larsen BR. Evaluation of supercritical fluid extraction for eliminating interferences during multiresidue pesticide analysis. Organohalogen Compounds 1992;8:115-120. R825549C011 (Final)
  • Abstract: Euroabstracts journal-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Ryoo KS, Kapila S, Puri RK, Yanders AF, Elseewi AA. Evaluation of carbon for removal and destruction of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from transformer mineral oils. Chemosphere 1992;25(7-10):1569-1575. R825549C011 (Final)
  • Full-text: ScienceDirect-Full Text PDF
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  • Abstract: ScienceDirect-Abstract
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  • Supplemental Keywords:

    adsorption, supercritical fluid extraction, soil., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Geographic Area, Waste, Water, Contaminated Sediments, Remediation, Environmental Chemistry, Geochemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Hazardous Waste, Ecology and Ecosystems, Hazardous, EPA Region, hazardous waste disposal, hazardous waste management, hazardous waste treatment, adsorbent regeneration, fate and transport, advanced treatment technologies, fate and transport , adsorption, contaminated soil, Region 7, Region 8, adsorption regeneration, hazardous organic compounds, supercritical fluid extraction, hazardous waste identification, hazardous waste characterization, supercritical fluids, groundwater

    Relevant Websites:

    Great Plains/Rocky Mountain Hazardous Substance Research Center Exit

    Progress and Final Reports:

    Original Abstract
  • 1989
  • 1990
  • 1991

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R825549    HSRC (1989) - Great Plains/Rocky Mountain HSRC

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R825549C006 Fate of Trichloroethylene (TCE) in Plant/Soil Systems
    R825549C007 Experimental Study of Stabilization/Solidification of Hazardous Wastes
    R825549C008 Modeling Dissolved Oxygen, Nitrate and Pesticide Contamination in the Subsurface Environment
    R825549C009 Vadose Zone Decontamination by Air Venting
    R825549C010 Thermochemical Treatment of Hazardous Wastes
    R825549C011 Development, Characterization and Evaluation of Adsorbent Regeneration Processes for Treament of Hazardous Waste
    R825549C012 Computer Method to Estimate Safe Level Water Quality Concentrations for Organic Chemicals
    R825549C013 Removal of Nitrogenous Pesticides from Rural Well-Water Supplies by Enzymatic Ozonation Process
    R825549C014 The Characterization and Treatment of Hazardous Materials from Metal/Mineral Processing Wastes
    R825549C015 Adsorption of Hazardous Substances onto Soil Constituents
    R825549C016 Reclamation of Metal and Mining Contaminated Superfund Sites using Sewage Sludge/Fly Ash Amendment
    R825549C017 Metal Recovery and Reuse Using an Integrated Vermiculite Ion Exchange - Acid Recovery System
    R825549C018 Removal of Heavy Metals from Hazardous Wastes by Protein Complexation for their Ultimate Recovery and Reuse
    R825549C019 Development of In-situ Biodegradation Technology
    R825549C020 Migration and Biodegradation of Pentachlorophenol in Soil Environment
    R825549C021 Deep-Rooted Poplar Trees as an Innovative Treatment Technology for Pesticide and Toxic Organics Removal from Soil and Groundwater
    R825549C022 In-situ Soil and Aquifer Decontaminaiton using Hydrogen Peroxide and Fenton's Reagent
    R825549C023 Simulation of Three-Dimensional Transport of Hazardous Chemicals in Heterogeneous Soil Cores Using X-ray Computed Tomography
    R825549C024 The Response of Natural Groundwater Bacteria to Groundwater Contamination by Gasoline in a Karst Region
    R825549C025 An Electrochemical Method for Acid Mine Drainage Remediation and Metals Recovery
    R825549C026 Sulfide Size and Morphology Identificaiton for Remediation of Acid Producing Mine Wastes
    R825549C027 Heavy Metals Removal from Dilute Aqueous Solutions using Biopolymers
    R825549C028 Neutron Activation Analysis for Heavy Metal Contaminants in the Environment
    R825549C029 Reducing Heavy Metal Availability to Perennial Grasses and Row-Crops Grown on Contaminated Soils and Mine Spoils
    R825549C030 Alachlor and Atrazine Losses from Runoff and Erosion in the Blue River Basin
    R825549C031 Biodetoxification of Mixed Solid and Hazardous Wastes by Staged Anaerobic Fermentation Conducted at Separate Redox and pH Environments
    R825549C032 Time Dependent Movement of Dioxin and Related Compounds in Soil
    R825549C033 Impact of Soil Microflora on Revegetation Efforts in Southeast Kansas
    R825549C034 Modeling the use of Plants in Remediation of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated by Hazardous Organic Substances
    R825549C035 Development of Electrochemical Processes for Improved Treatment of Lead Wastes
    R825549C036 Innovative Treatment and Bank Stabilization of Metals-Contaminated Soils and Tailings along Whitewood Creek, South Dakota
    R825549C037 Formation and Transformation of Pesticide Degradation Products Under Various Electron Acceptor Conditions
    R825549C038 The Effect of Redox Conditions on Transformations of Carbon Tetrachloride
    R825549C039 Remediation of Soil Contaminated with an Organic Phase
    R825549C040 Intelligent Process Design and Control for the Minimization of Waste Production and Treatment of Hazardous Waste
    R825549C041 Heavy Metals Removal from Contaminated Water Solutions
    R825549C042 Metals Soil Pollution and Vegetative Remediation
    R825549C043 Fate and Transport of Munitions Residues in Contaminated Soil
    R825549C044 The Role of Metallic Iron in the Biotransformation of Chlorinated Xenobiotics
    R825549C045 Use of Vegetation to Enhance Bioremediation of Surface Soils Contaminated with Pesticide Wastes
    R825549C046 Fate and Transport of Heavy Metals and Radionuclides in Soil: The Impacts of Vegetation
    R825549C047 Vegetative Interceptor Zones for Containment of Heavy Metal Pollutants
    R825549C048 Acid-Producing Metalliferous Waste Reclamation by Material Reprocessing and Vegetative Stabilization
    R825549C049 Laboratory and Field Evaluation of Upward Mobilization and Photodegradation of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-P-Dioxins and Furans in Soil
    R825549C050 Evaluation of Biosparging Performance and Process Fundamentals for Site Remediation
    R825549C051 Field Scale Bioremediation: Relationship of Parent Compound Disappearance to Humification, Mineralization, Leaching, Volatilization of Transformaiton Intermediates
    R825549C052 Chelating Extraction of Heavy Metals from Contaminated Soils
    R825549C053 Application of Anaerobic and Multiple-Electron-Acceptor Bioremediation to Chlorinated Aliphatic Subsurface Contamination
    R825549C054 Application of PGNAA Remote Sensing Methods to Real-Time, Non-Intrusive Determination of Contaminant Profiles in Soils
    R825549C055 Design and Development of an Innovative Industrial Scale Process to Economically Treat Waste Zinc Residues
    R825549C056 Remediation of Soils Contaminated with Wood-Treatment Chemicals (PCP and Creosote)
    R825549C057 Effects of Surfactants on the Bioavailability and Biodegradation of Contaminants in Soils
    R825549C058 Contaminant Binding to the Humin Fraction of Soil Organic Matter
    R825549C059 Identifying Ground-Water Threats from Improperly Abandoned Boreholes
    R825549C060 Uptake of BTEX Compounds by Hybrid Poplar Trees in Hazardous Waste Remediation
    R825549C061 Biofilm Barriers for Waste Containment
    R825549C062 Plant Assisted Remediation of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated by Hazardous Organic Substances: Experimental and Modeling Studies
    R825549C063 Extension of Laboratory Validated Treatment and Remediation Technologies to Field Problems in Aquifer Soil and Water Contamination by Organic Waste Chemicals