Application of PGNAA Remote Sensing Methods to Real-Time, Non-Intrusive Determination of Contaminant Profiles in SoilsEPA Grant Number: R825549C054
Subproject: this is subproject number 054 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R825549
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
Center: HSRC (1989) - Great Plains/Rocky Mountain HSRC
Center Director: Erickson, Larry E.
Title: Application of PGNAA Remote Sensing Methods to Real-Time, Non-Intrusive Determination of Contaminant Profiles in Soils
Investigators: Faw, Richard E. , Shultis, J. K.
Institution: Kansas State University
EPA Project Officer: Hahn, Intaek
Project Period: May 18, 1995 through August 9, 1997
Project Amount: Refer to main center abstract for funding details.
RFA: Hazardous Substance Research Centers - HSRC (1989) RFA Text | Recipients Lists
Research Category: Analysis/Treatment of Contaminated Soil , Land and Waste Management
Objective:Through use of prompt gamma ray neutron activation analysis (PGNAA), the goal of this project is to develop analytical procedures for "de-convolution" of measured gamma ray spectra to yield contaminant concentration profiles.
This project is concerned with in situ hazardous-waste site characterization for and diagnosis of the need for decontamination. The proposed research was carried out over a two-year period. During the first year, a thorough literature review was be completed. Industry and national laboratory needs and interest were surveyed, leading to establishment of the scope of soil conditions and contaminant profiles to be addressed in the course of the research. Trial calculations were performed at Kansas State University, with sample spectra provided to personnel at Los Alamos to be used in the implementation of inversion methods to determine contamination profiles.
During the second year, the full catalog of capture gamma-ray spectra was prepared and documented. The inversion methods were verified and the results documented.
This project investigates the feasibility of rapid, in situ, determination of vertical contaminant profiles in soil using the method of prompt gamma ray neutron activation analysis (PGNAA). Fast neutrons are directed into the soil from a fixed source above the soil surface. A collimated radiation detector measures the intensities of the characteristic gamma rays released by elements in the soil that capture the neutrons. Analytical procedures are then used for "de-convolution" of measured gamma ray intensities to yield an estimated contaminant concentration profile in the soil. The effort is divided into three main tasks or investigations: (1) neutron transport in the soil, (2) capture gamma-ray transport in the soil, and (3) inversion or de-convolution of gamma-ray spectra. An important aspect of the research is a comprehensive uncertainty analysis, which applies to all tasks.
Expected Results:The prompt gamma ray neutron activation analysis (PGNAA) methodology is ideally suited to measurement of soil concentration profiles of the heavy-metal contaminants associated with mining and metallurgical enterprises. This project will lead to improved precision in site characterization, thereby minimizing quantities of soil to be decontaminated.
Publications and Presentations:Publications have been submitted on this subproject: View all 22 publications for this subproject | View all 904 publications for this center
Journal Articles:Journal Articles have been submitted on this subproject: View all 2 journal articles for this subproject | View all 182 journal articles for this center
Supplemental Keywords:prompt gamma ray neutron activation analysis, remote sensing, characterization, monitoring, sensor technology., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Geographic Area, Waste, Contaminated Sediments, Remediation, Environmental Chemistry, Geochemistry, Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Hazardous Waste, Ecology and Ecosystems, Hazardous, EPA Region, hazardous waste disposal, hazardous waste management, hazardous waste treatment, remote sensing, PGNAA, fate and transport , contaminated soil, Region 7, Region 8, hazardous organic compounds, hazardous waste identification
Progress and Final Reports:
Main Center Abstract and Reports:R825549 HSRC (1989) - Great Plains/Rocky Mountain HSRC
Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
R825549C006 Fate of Trichloroethylene (TCE) in Plant/Soil Systems
R825549C007 Experimental Study of Stabilization/Solidification of Hazardous Wastes
R825549C008 Modeling Dissolved Oxygen, Nitrate and Pesticide Contamination in the Subsurface Environment
R825549C009 Vadose Zone Decontamination by Air Venting
R825549C010 Thermochemical Treatment of Hazardous Wastes
R825549C011 Development, Characterization and Evaluation of Adsorbent Regeneration Processes for Treament of Hazardous Waste
R825549C012 Computer Method to Estimate Safe Level Water Quality Concentrations for Organic Chemicals
R825549C013 Removal of Nitrogenous Pesticides from Rural Well-Water Supplies by Enzymatic Ozonation Process
R825549C014 The Characterization and Treatment of Hazardous Materials from Metal/Mineral Processing Wastes
R825549C015 Adsorption of Hazardous Substances onto Soil Constituents
R825549C016 Reclamation of Metal and Mining Contaminated Superfund Sites using Sewage Sludge/Fly Ash Amendment
R825549C017 Metal Recovery and Reuse Using an Integrated Vermiculite Ion Exchange - Acid Recovery System
R825549C018 Removal of Heavy Metals from Hazardous Wastes by Protein Complexation for their Ultimate Recovery and Reuse
R825549C019 Development of In-situ Biodegradation Technology
R825549C020 Migration and Biodegradation of Pentachlorophenol in Soil Environment
R825549C021 Deep-Rooted Poplar Trees as an Innovative Treatment Technology for Pesticide and Toxic Organics Removal from Soil and Groundwater
R825549C022 In-situ Soil and Aquifer Decontaminaiton using Hydrogen Peroxide and Fenton's Reagent
R825549C023 Simulation of Three-Dimensional Transport of Hazardous Chemicals in Heterogeneous Soil Cores Using X-ray Computed Tomography
R825549C024 The Response of Natural Groundwater Bacteria to Groundwater Contamination by Gasoline in a Karst Region
R825549C025 An Electrochemical Method for Acid Mine Drainage Remediation and Metals Recovery
R825549C026 Sulfide Size and Morphology Identificaiton for Remediation of Acid Producing Mine Wastes
R825549C027 Heavy Metals Removal from Dilute Aqueous Solutions using Biopolymers
R825549C028 Neutron Activation Analysis for Heavy Metal Contaminants in the Environment
R825549C029 Reducing Heavy Metal Availability to Perennial Grasses and Row-Crops Grown on Contaminated Soils and Mine Spoils
R825549C030 Alachlor and Atrazine Losses from Runoff and Erosion in the Blue River Basin
R825549C031 Biodetoxification of Mixed Solid and Hazardous Wastes by Staged Anaerobic Fermentation Conducted at Separate Redox and pH Environments
R825549C032 Time Dependent Movement of Dioxin and Related Compounds in Soil
R825549C033 Impact of Soil Microflora on Revegetation Efforts in Southeast Kansas
R825549C034 Modeling the use of Plants in Remediation of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated by Hazardous Organic Substances
R825549C035 Development of Electrochemical Processes for Improved Treatment of Lead Wastes
R825549C036 Innovative Treatment and Bank Stabilization of Metals-Contaminated Soils and Tailings along Whitewood Creek, South Dakota
R825549C037 Formation and Transformation of Pesticide Degradation Products Under Various Electron Acceptor Conditions
R825549C038 The Effect of Redox Conditions on Transformations of Carbon Tetrachloride
R825549C039 Remediation of Soil Contaminated with an Organic Phase
R825549C040 Intelligent Process Design and Control for the Minimization of Waste Production and Treatment of Hazardous Waste
R825549C041 Heavy Metals Removal from Contaminated Water Solutions
R825549C042 Metals Soil Pollution and Vegetative Remediation
R825549C043 Fate and Transport of Munitions Residues in Contaminated Soil
R825549C044 The Role of Metallic Iron in the Biotransformation of Chlorinated Xenobiotics
R825549C045 Use of Vegetation to Enhance Bioremediation of Surface Soils Contaminated with Pesticide Wastes
R825549C046 Fate and Transport of Heavy Metals and Radionuclides in Soil: The Impacts of Vegetation
R825549C047 Vegetative Interceptor Zones for Containment of Heavy Metal Pollutants
R825549C048 Acid-Producing Metalliferous Waste Reclamation by Material Reprocessing and Vegetative Stabilization
R825549C049 Laboratory and Field Evaluation of Upward Mobilization and Photodegradation of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-P-Dioxins and Furans in Soil
R825549C050 Evaluation of Biosparging Performance and Process Fundamentals for Site Remediation
R825549C051 Field Scale Bioremediation: Relationship of Parent Compound Disappearance to Humification, Mineralization, Leaching, Volatilization of Transformaiton Intermediates
R825549C052 Chelating Extraction of Heavy Metals from Contaminated Soils
R825549C053 Application of Anaerobic and Multiple-Electron-Acceptor Bioremediation to Chlorinated Aliphatic Subsurface Contamination
R825549C054 Application of PGNAA Remote Sensing Methods to Real-Time, Non-Intrusive Determination of Contaminant Profiles in Soils
R825549C055 Design and Development of an Innovative Industrial Scale Process to Economically Treat Waste Zinc Residues
R825549C056 Remediation of Soils Contaminated with Wood-Treatment Chemicals (PCP and Creosote)
R825549C057 Effects of Surfactants on the Bioavailability and Biodegradation of Contaminants in Soils
R825549C058 Contaminant Binding to the Humin Fraction of Soil Organic Matter
R825549C059 Identifying Ground-Water Threats from Improperly Abandoned Boreholes
R825549C060 Uptake of BTEX Compounds by Hybrid Poplar Trees in Hazardous Waste Remediation
R825549C061 Biofilm Barriers for Waste Containment
R825549C062 Plant Assisted Remediation of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated by Hazardous Organic Substances: Experimental and Modeling Studies
R825549C063 Extension of Laboratory Validated Treatment and Remediation Technologies to Field Problems in Aquifer Soil and Water Contamination by Organic Waste Chemicals