Epidemiologic Study of Particulate Matter and Cardiopulmonary MortalityEPA Grant Number: R827355C001
Subproject: this is subproject number 001 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R827355
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
Center: Airborne PM - Northwest Research Center for Particulate Air Pollution and Health
Center Director: Koenig, Jane Q.
Title: Epidemiologic Study of Particulate Matter and Cardiopulmonary Mortality
Investigators: Kaufman, Joel D. , Sheppard, Lianne (Elizabeth) A. , Koenig, Jane Q. , Siscovick, David , Checkoway, Harvey
Current Investigators: Kaufman, Joel D. , Sheppard, Lianne (Elizabeth) A. , Karr, Catharine J. , Schreuder, Astrid , Siscovick, David , Sullivan, Jeff , Shepherd, Kristine , Miller, Kristine , Ishikawa, Naomi
Institution: University of Washington
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: June 1, 1999 through May 31, 2004 (Extended to May 31, 2006)
Project Amount: Refer to main center abstract for funding details.
RFA: Airborne Particulate Matter (PM) Centers (1999) RFA Text | Recipients Lists
Research Category: Air Quality and Air Toxics , Particulate Matter , Air
Objective:This project consists of two related study designs addressing associations between ambient PM exposure and cardiorespiratory disease risks. The first is a time-series analysis of cause-specific mortality in Seattle that relates daily mortality with changes in PM and co-pollutant levels. Its emphasis is cardiovascular and respiratory disease mortality. In parallel with this analysis, we also are performing similar time-series analyses of mortality in Spokane, Washington, and Anchorage, Alaska. The contrasts of results between Seattle, Spokane, and Anchorage, which have different PM compositions, should add significant new information about the relative contributions of particle count, size, and chemical composition to cardiorespiratory mortality. The second design is a "case-crossover" study of roughly 1,100 out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) cases in Seattle. This design compares PM levels in the days immediately preceding SCA events with levels at previous reference time points.
Publications and Presentations:Publications have been submitted on this subproject: View all 21 publications for this subproject | View all 209 publications for this center
Journal Articles:Journal Articles have been submitted on this subproject: View all 14 journal articles for this subproject | View all 109 journal articles for this center
Supplemental Keywords:ambient particles, fine particles, combustion, health, exposure, biostatistics, susceptibility., RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, PHYSICAL ASPECTS, Air, Geographic Area, particulate matter, Toxicology, air toxics, Environmental Chemistry, Health Risk Assessment, Epidemiology, State, Northwest, Risk Assessments, Susceptibility/Sensitive Population/Genetic Susceptibility, Allergens/Asthma, Biochemistry, Physical Processes, Children's Health, genetic susceptability, indoor air, Atmospheric Sciences, Incineration/Combustion, ambient aerosol, ambient air quality, asthma, biostatistics, health effects, particulates, risk assessment, sensitive populations, air pollutants, cardiopulmonary responses, health risks, human health effects, morbidity, exposure and effects, acute cardiovascular effects, airway disease, ambient air, exposure, hazardous air pollutants, animal model, epidemelogy, combustion emissions, biological response, air pollution, children, Human Health Risk Assessment, airway inflammation, particle exposure, airborne pollutants, cardiopulmonary response, human exposure, inhalation, PAHs, atmospheric aerosols, children's vulnerablity, assessment of exposure, ambient particle health effects, mortality studies, combustion, harmful environmental agents, hydrocarbons, epidemeology, human susceptibility, biological markers, incineration, indoor air quality, mortality, California (CA), allergens, aerosols, air quality, allergen, atmospheric chemistry, cardiovascular disease, combustion contaminants, exposure assessment, human health risk, indoor environment, particle transport, toxics
Progress and Final Reports:
Main Center Abstract and Reports:R827355 Airborne PM - Northwest Research Center for Particulate Air Pollution and Health
Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
R827355C001 Epidemiologic Study of Particulate Matter and Cardiopulmonary Mortality
R827355C002 Health Effects
R827355C003 Personal PM Exposure Assessment
R827355C004 Characterization of Fine Particulate Matter
R827355C005 Mechanisms of Toxicity of Particulate Matter Using Transgenic Mouse Strains
R827355C006 Toxicology Project -- Controlled Exposure Facility
R827355C007 Health Effects Research Core
R827355C008 Exposure Core
R827355C009 Statistics and Data Core
R827355C010 Biomarker Core
R827355C011 Oxidation Stress Makers