Comparative Assessment of the Impacts of Prescribed Fire Versus Wildfire (CAIF): A Case Study in the Western U.S.
NoticePress Release: EPA Releases Report Comparing Air Quality and Public Health Impacts from Prescribed Fire and Wildfire Smoke. [Released Sep 30, 2021]
The CAIF report is organized as follows:
- Executive Summary
- Chapter 1: Introduction
- Part I: Conceptual Framework, Background, and Context
- Chapter 2: Conceptual Framework for Evaluating and Comparing Different Fire Management Strategies
- Chapter 3: Fire Regimes, Fire Effects, and a History of Fuels and Fire Management in the Western U.S.
- Chapter 4: Air Quality Monitoring of Wildland Fire Smoke
- Chapter 5: Direct Damages from Wildland Fire
- Chapter 6: Health and Ecological Effects of Wildland Fire Smoke Exposure
- Part II: Quantitative Assessment of Smoke Impacts of Wildland Fire in Case Study Areas
- Chapter 7: Air Quality Modeling of Case Study Fires
- Chapter 8: Estimated Public Health Impacts of Smoke from Case Study Fires
- Chapter 9: Integrated Synthesis
BackgroundThe Wildland Fire Leadership Council (WFLC) requested that EPA, in collaboration with scientific staff in the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), the Department of the Interior (DOI) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), conduct an assessment of air quality and health impacts of prescribed fire compared to wildfire.
Through two case study fires (Timber Crater 6 [TC6] Fire, Oregon; Rough Fire, California), the assessment used emissions data, air quality modeling, and health impact analyses to examine the corresponding air quality and public health impacts due to actual fires and hypothetical fire scenarios based on different fire management strategies, as well as prescribed fire activity.
This document has been reviewed in accordance with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency policy and approved for publication. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.
- (438 pp, 27 MB, about PDF)