The Effects of Mountaintop Mines and Valley Fills on Aquatic Ecosystems of the Central Appalachian Coalfields (External Review Draft)
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This report "The Effects of Mountaintop Mines and Valley Fills on Aquatic Ecosystems of the Central Appalachian Coalfields," reviews the state of the science on the ecological impacts of Mountaintop Mines and Valley Fills (MTM-VF) on streams in the Central Appalachian Coal Basin. This basin covers about 12 million acres in West Virginia, Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee. The draft report reviews literature relevant to evaluating five potential consequences of MTM-VF operations: 1) impacts on headwater streams; 2) impacts on downstream water quality; 3) impacts on stream ecosystems; 4) the cumulative impacts of multiple mining operations; and 5) effectiveness of mining reclamation and mitigation. The report did not review the impacts of MTM-VF on cultural and aesthetic resources or human health. EPA used two primary sources of information for the evaluation: (1) the peer reviewed, published literature and (2) the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) on Mountaintop Mining/Valley Fills in Appalachia and its associated appendices prepared in draft in 2003 and finalized in 2005.
|Sep 2009||Federal Register Notice: SAB call for reviewers.|
|Nov 2009||Internal peer review completed.|
|Mar 2010||EPA released the draft report for public review and comment. [Federal Register April 12, 2010]|
|May 2010||EPA's Science Advisory Board (SAB) Staff Office announced the public meeting of the SAB Panel for the review of this draft report on July 20-22, 2010 in Washington, DC. [Federal Register May 25, 2010]|
|Jun 2010||EPA extends the public review and comment period until July 13, 2010. [Federal Register Jun 1, 2010]|
|Jul 2010||EPA extends the public review and comment period until August 13, 2010. [Federal Register July 13, 2010]|
|Aug 2010||EPA extends the public review and comment period until September 3, 2010. [Federal Register Aug 18, 2010]|
|Sep 2010||EPA's Science Advisory Board (SAB) Staff Office announced the second public meeting of the SAB Panel for the review of this draft report on October 20th & 26th, 2010 in Washington, DC. [Federal Register Sep 15, 2010]|
This download(s) is distributed solely for the purpose of pre-dissemination peer review under applicable information quality guidelines. It has not been formally disseminated by EPA. It does not represent and should not be construed to represent any Agency determination or policy.
- (119 pp, 2 MB, about PDF)
- A FIELD-BASED AQUATIC LIFE BENCHMARK FOR CONDUCTIVITY IN CENTRAL APPALACHIAN STREAMS (2010) (EXTERNAL REVIEW DRAFT)
- The Effects of Mountaintop Mines and Valley Fills on Aquatic Ecosystems of the Central Appalachian Coalfields (2011 Final)
- A Field-Based Aquatic Life Benchmark for Conductivity in Central Appalachian Streams (Final Report)