Emsoft User's Guide and Modeling Software (1997)

Notice - This site contains archived material(s)

Archive disclaimer
Archived files are provided for reference purposes only. The file was current when produced, but is no longer maintained and may now be outdated. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing archived files may contact the NCEA Webmaster for assistance. Please use the contact us form if you need additional support.


Chemicals that readily vaporize at relatively low temperatures can migrate from contaminated soils into the atmosphere via a process called volatilization. Volatilization represents a potentially significant exposure pathway because humans can come in contact with volatilized compounds through inhalation. The EMSOFT manual describes a computer screening model that may be used 1) to determine concentrations of contaminants remaining in the soil over a given time (when the initial soil concentration is known); 2) to quantify the mass flux (rate of transfer) of contaminants into the atmosphere over time; and 3) to subsequently calculate contaminant air concentrations by inputting mass flux values into atmospheric dispersion models. Ingestion of contaminated soil and dermal contact are also potential exposure pathways requiring knowledge of the contaminant soil concentration to estimate potential risks. EMSOFT can also be used by risk assessors and exposure modelers to calculate average chemical concentrations at a given depth over time. This model, based on the theory and studies of Jury et al. (1983, 1990), addresses situations in which contaminated soils are located at the surface and buried beneath a clean soil cover.

Through a series of menus the user is prompted for several input choices to select a calculation method, chemical data, soil properties, and layer properties. The various calculation methods include Time-Averaged Flux, Flux vs. Time, Time- and Depth-Averaged Soil Concentration, Depth-Averaged Soil Concentration vs. Time and Soil Concentration vs. Depth. The user also has the option to determine cover layer thickness; the number of contaminant layers and their corresponding thickness; and the time period for averaging flux and soil concentration.

Input variables and their effect on model output are discussed within the manual. The model assumes the following conditions 1) a steady porewater flux, 2) homogeneous soil properties, and 3) chemicals are present in dissolved form and at low concentrations. The user friendly, menu driven EMSOFT model utilizes a DOS operating system and is written in Fortran programming language.


U.S. EPA. Emsoft User's Guide and Modeling Software (1997). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Center for Environmental Assessment, Washington Office, Washington, DC, NCEA/W-0073, 1997.

This document has been reviewed in accordance with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency policy and approved for publication. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.