- IRIS Summary (PDF) (4 pp, 77 K)
- Status: Uranium, natural is in step 1 at this time.
IRIS Assessment Plan For Uranium (Scoping and Problem Formulation Materials)
U.S. EPA. IRIS Assessment Plan For Uranium (Scoping and Problem Formulation Materials). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/635/R-17/787, 2018.
Paul White, Ph: 202-564-1369, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Uranium is a naturally occurring radioactive element which in nature is a mixture of three isotopes: 234U, 235U, and 238U. The most common isotope, 238U, makes up a majority natural uranium. Uranium is enriched by processes that remove and concentrate 235U, with the remaining uranium being termed "depleted." Enriched uranium is used in nuclear reactor fuel and in nuclear weapons; it is not a subject of this assessment. Due to its physical properties, depleted uranium is used as a counterbalance in aircraft applications, for shielding against ionizing radiation, and both in military armor and in armor penetrating munitions.
Environmental exposures to uranium include ingestion of soil, foods, surface water, or groundwater including ingestion of locally grown or foraged food. Uranium is naturally present in many soils with higher concentrations found in the western United States. Uranium mining, milling, and processing operations can release this element into the environment leading to elevated levels of uranium in affected soils and dusts. The general population is primarily exposed to uranium through intake of food and drinking water.
|Jan 2018||EPA released the IRIS Assessment Plan (IAP) for Uranium (Oral Reference Dose). EPA also identified an incorrect docket number associated with the IAP in the Federal Register Notice. EPA is working to correct this, and will issue a corrected notice shortly. [Federal Register Notice Jan 31, 2018]|
|Feb 2018||EPA posted a correction to the docket number for public comments on the draft IAP. [Federal Register Notice Feb 16, 2018]|
The IRIS Program will use the IAP to inform the subsequent development of a chemical-specific systematic review protocol.
This download(s) is distributed solely for the purpose of pre-dissemination peer review under applicable information quality guidelines. It has not been formally disseminated by EPA. It does not represent and should not be construed to represent any Agency determination or policy.
- (16 pp, 330 KB, about PDF)