IRIS

Chloroform

CASRN 67-66-3

IRIS Assessment Plan for Chloroform (Scoping and Problem Formulation Materials)

Notice

EPA announces the release of the draft IRIS Assessment Plan for Chloroform for public comment. This document will be discussed at an EPA Science Advisory Board (SAB) Chemical Assessment Advisory Committee (CAAC) meeting on September 27-28, 2017. Information regarding the meeting can be found on the SAB website.

Overview

In September 2017, EPA released the draft IRIS Assessment Plan (IAP) for Chloroform for public review and comment. The IAP communicates to the public the plan for assessing each individual chemical and includes summary information on the IRIS Program’s scoping and initial problem formulation, objectives and specific aims for the assessment, and a PECO (Populations, Exposures, Comparators, and Outcomes) framework that outlines the evidence considered most pertinent to the assessment; and identification of key areas of scientific complexity. The PECO provides the framework for developing literature search strategies and inclusion/exclusion criteria, particularly with respect to evidence stream (i.e., human, animal, mechanistic), exposure measures and outcome measures.

Citation

U.S. EPA. IRIS Assessment Plan for Chloroform (Scoping and Problem Formulation Materials). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/635/R-17/330, 2017.

Contact

Ted Berner,  Ph:  703-347-8583,  Email: berner.ted@epa.gov

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Background

Chloroform (trichloromethane) is a colorless, volatile liquid with a distinct odor. Chloroform is nonflammable. It is slightly soluble in water and is readily miscible with most organic solvents. Because chloroform is relatively volatile, it tends to escape from contaminated environmental media (e.g., water or soil) into air, and may also be released in vapor form from some types of industrial or chemical operations.

Therefore, humans may be exposed to chloroform not only by ingestion of chloroform in drinking water, food, or soil, but also by dermal contact with contaminated media (especially water) and by inhalation of vapor (especially in indoor air).

History/Chronology

Date Description
Sep 2017EPA released the IRIS Assessment Plan (IAP) for Chloroform for public comment and review. [Federal Register Notice Sep 18, 2017]

Status

Following the SAB public meeting, the IRIS Program will use the IAP to inform the subsequent development of chemical-specific systematic review protocols.


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Download(s)

This download(s) is distributed solely for the purpose of pre-dissemination peer review under applicable information quality guidelines. It has not been formally disseminated by EPA. It does not represent and should not be construed to represent any Agency determination or policy.

Federal Register Notices

Docket

Comments on the assessment may be submitted and reviewed using the Docket ID EPA-HQ-ORD-2017-0497

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