IRIS

Tert-Butanol

CASRN 75-65-0

  • Status: Tert-Butanol is in step 4 at this time.

IRIS Toxicological Review of Tert-Butyl Alcohol (Tert-Butanol) (Interagency Science Consultation Draft)

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Overview

On April 29, 2016, the Toxicological Review of tert-Butyl Alcohol (tert-Butanol) (Public Comment Draft) was released for public comment. The draft Toxicological Review and charge were reviewed internally by EPA and by other federal agencies and the Executive Office of the President during Step 3 (Interagency Science Consultation) before public release. As part of the IRIS process, all written interagency comments on IRIS assessments will be made publicly available. Accordingly, interagency comments with EPA's response and the interagency science consultation drafts of the IRIS Toxicological Review of tert-Butanol and charge to external peer reviewers are posted on this site.

Citation

U.S. EPA. IRIS Toxicological Review of Tert-Butyl Alcohol (Tert-Butanol) (Interagency Science Consultation Draft). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/635/R-14/378, 2014.

Contact

Samantha J. Jones,  Ph:  703-347-8580,  Email: jones.samantha@epa.gov

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Background

Tert-butyl alcohol (tert-butanol) is used as a solvent; as a denaturant for ethanol and several other alcohols; in the manufacture of flotation agents, fruit essences, and perfumes; as an octane booster in gasoline; as a dehydrating agent; and as a chemical intermediate in the manufacture of methyl methacrylate. tert-Butanol's production for industrial uses may result in its direct release to the environment through various waste streams. tert-Butanol is also a likely degradation product of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE). Probable routes of human exposure to tert-butanol include inhalation, ingestion, and skin or eye contact.

History/Chronology

Date Description
Aug 2013EPA released Preliminary Assessment Materials (draft literature searches and associated search strategies, evidence tables and exposure response arrays) in anticipation for discussion at an upcoming IRIS Public Science Meeting.
Dec 2013EPA discussed tert-butanol at the December 2013 IRIS public science meeting.
Sep 2014EPA sent an interagency science consultation draft for review and comment.

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