CASRN 7440-38-2 | DTXSID4023886
Reference Dose for Oral Exposure (RfD) (PDF) (29 pp, 186 K)
Last Updated: 09/01/1991
|System||RfD (mg/kg-day)||Basis||PoD||Composite UF||Confidence|
|Cardiovascular, Dermal||3 x 10-4||Hyperpigmentation, keratosis and possible vascular complications||
: 8 x 10-4
Reference Concentration for Inhalation Exposure (RfC) (PDF) (29 pp, 186 K)
Not assessed under the IRIS Program.
Weight of Evidence for Cancer (PDF) (29 pp, 186 K)
Last Updated: 06/01/1995
|WOE Characterization||Framework for WOE Characterization|
|A (Human carcinogen)||Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment (U.S. EPA, 1986)|
- Based on sufficient evidence from human data. An increased lung cancer mortality was observed in multiple human populations exposed primarily through inhalation. Also, increased mortality from multiple internal organ cancers (liver, kidney, lung, and bladder) and an increased incidence of skin cancer were observed in populations consuming drinking water high in inorganic arsenic.
- This may be a synopsis of the full weight-of-evidence narrative.
Quantitative Estimate of Carcinogenic Risk from Oral Exposure (PDF) (29 pp, 186 K)
Oral Slope Factor:
1.5 per mg/kg-day
Drinking Water Unit Risk: 5 x 10 -5 per µg/L
Extrapolation Method: Time- and dose-related formulation of the multistage model
Tumor site(s): Dermal
Tumor type(s): Skin cancer (Tseng, 1977; Tseng et al., 1968; U.S. EPA, 1988)
Quantitative Estimate of Carcinogenic Risk from Inhalation Exposure (PDF) (29 pp, 186 K)
Inhalation Unit Risk:
4.3 x 10 -3 per µg/m3
Extrapolation Method: Absolute-risk linear model
Tumor site(s): Respiratory
Tumor type(s): Lung cancer (Brown and Chu, 1983a,b,c; Lee-Feldstein, 1983; Higgins, 1982; Enterline and Marsh, 1982)
- Human Health Benchmarks for Pesticides (HHBP). This database provides human health benchmarks for pesticides that may be present in drinking water.
- Office of Pesticide Programs Pesticide Chemical Search. This database provides links to health effects information and registration status for pesticides.
- Chemistry Dashboard. This database provides information on chemical structures, experimental and predicted physicochemical, and toxicity data.
Arsenic, Inorganic is being reassessed.
Assessment Manager(s): JaniceS Lee (lee.janiceS@epa.gov)
|Step||Assessment Materials Released to the Public||Release Date||Public Meeting Date|
|1||Problem Formulation Materials||11/2012||01/2013|
|1||Preliminary Assessment Materials||05/2019||07/2019|
|4||Public Comment Draft||03/2023||TBD|
|4||Peer Review Draft||04/2023||05/2023|
|7||Post Final Assessment||TBD|
Please note: Any future dates displayed under Release Date are estimates and subject to change.
May 2019: Updated Problem Formulation and Systematic Review Protocol for the Inorganic Arsenic IRIS Assessment (Report)
Nov 2015: Meeting Materials for the 4th NRC Meeting on the Guidance for and the Review of EPA's Toxicological Assessment of Inorganic Arsenic (Journal)
Apr 2014: IRIS Toxicological Review of Inorganic Arsenic (Preliminary Assessment Materials, 2014) (Report)
Jan 2013: Inorganic Arsenic Workshop (Jan 2013) (Other)
Nov 2012: IRIS Toxicological Review for Inorganic Arsenic (Scoping and Problem Formulation Materials, 2012) (Report)
Sep 2012: Inorganic Arsenic Meetings & Webinars (Sep 2012 - Jul 2019) (Other)
Feb 2010: IRIS Toxicological Review of Inorganic Arsenic (Cancer) (External Review Draft, 2010) (Report)
Jun 2009: IRIS Toxicological Review of Inorganic Arsenic (Cancer) (Interagency Science Consultation Draft, 2009) (Report)
Jul 2005: IRIS Toxicological Review of Ingested Inorganic Arsenic (SAB External Review Draft, 2005) (Report)
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