Exposure Factors Handbook Chapter 3 (Update): Ingestion of Water and Other Select Liquids

Notice

EPA is announcing the release of an update to "Chapter 3: Ingestion of Water and Other Select Liquids" of the Exposure Factors Handbook (2011 Edition).


Abstract

This update includes new information and factors on nonchemical-specific information used to assess human exposure to environmental contaminants that has become available since the Exposure Factors Handbook: 2011 Edition was released. The recommended values have been revised, as needed, to reflect the new information. The purpose of this chapter is to provide intake data for water and select liquids that can be used in assessing exposure and risk from contaminants in water. The chapter focuses on the general population, but data are also provided for pregnant and lactating women and formula-fed infants.

Citation

U.S. EPA. Exposure Factors Handbook Chapter 3 (Update): Ingestion of Water and Other Select Liquids. U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-18/259F, 2019.

History/Chronology

Feb 2019EPA released an update to Chapter 3: Ingestion of Water and Other Select Liquids.
Sep 2011EPA released the final report, Exposure Factors Handbook: 2011 Edition.

This document has been reviewed in accordance with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency policy and approved for publication. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.