Exposure Factors Handbook Chapter 9 (Update): Intake of Fruits and Vegetables

Notice

EPA is announcing an update to Chapter 9: Intake of Fruits and Vegetables of the Exposure Factors Handbook (2011 Edition). Refer to the About the Exposure Factors Handbook web page (under Downloads) for the latest information on the other handbook chapters.


Abstract

This update includes new information and factors on the intake of fruits and vegetables that has become available since the Exposure Factors Handbook: 2011 Edition was released. The recommended values for use in risk assessment have been revised, as needed, to reflect this new information. This update includes recommended values for the general population that have been updated using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data for 2005−2010 and include some more disaggregated age groupings (for those under age 1 and for adults) than in the 2011 Handbook. This update also provides, for the first time, fruit and vegetable intake data for pregnant and lactating women based on NHANES 2005−2010 data. Recent relevant studies based on data other than NHANES are also summarized to provide additional perspective on fruit and vegetable intake.


Citation

U.S. EPA. Exposure Factors Handbook Chapter 9 (Update): Intake of Fruits and Vegetables. U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-18/098F, 2018.

History/Chronology

Aug 2018EPA released an update to Chapter 9: Intake of Fruits and Vegetables
Sep 2011EPA released the final report, Exposure Factors Handbook: 2011 Edition.

This document has been reviewed in accordance with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency policy and approved for publication. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.