Enforcement

Superfund Cleanup Subject Listing

Liability - Exemptions

This category includes documents that discuss the various exemptions to CERCLA liability that are available.

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Agreement with Third-Parties to Support the Cleanup and Reuse at Sites on the Superfund National Priorities List - (4/17/18)
Memorandum encourages Regions to consider more frequent use of site-specific agreements with third parties at sites on the Superfund National Priorities List.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/third-party-agreements-support-cleanup-and-reuse-superfund-npl-sites (PDF 1201K)
Transmittal of “Revised Enforcement Guidance Regarding the Treatment of Tenants Under the CERCLA Bona Fide Prospective Purchaser Provision” and Model Comfort/Status Letters for Lessees at Renewable Energy Projects - (12/5/12)
Transmittal memorandum, guidance and three model documents addressing the potentiall applicability of the BFPP provision under Superfund to tenants.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/guidance-treatment-tenants-under-cerclas-bona-fide-prospective-purchaser-bfpp-provision (PDF 687K)
Revised Enforcement Guidance Regarding the Treatment of Tenants Under the CERCLA Bona Fide Prospective Purchaser Provision - (12/5/12)
Revised guidance addresses how EPA intends to use its enforcement discretion to treat certain tenants as BFPPs under Superfund.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/guidance-treatment-tenants-under-cerclas-bona-fide-prospective-purchaser-bfpp-provision (PDF 543K)
Model No Previous Federal Interest Comfort/Status Letter - RE-Powering America's Land Initiative - (12/5/12)
Model document comfort/status letter regarding no previous federal interest for renewable energy development.
https://cfpub.epa.gov/compliance/models/view.cfm?model_ID=693 (PDF 37 K)
Model Federal Superfund Interest and No Current Federal Superfund Interest Comfort/Status Letter - (12/5/12)
Model document for comfort/status letter regarding federal interest or no current federal interest regarding renewable energy development.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/guidance-treatment-tenants-under-cerclas-bona-fide-prospective-purchaser-bfpp-provision (PDF 65 K)
Model State Action Comfort/Status Letter - RE-Powering America's Land Initiative - (12/5/12)
Model document comfort/status letter regarding state-lead sites and renewable energy development.
https://cfpub.epa.gov/compliance/models/view.cfm?model_ID=735 (PDF 39 K)
Enforcement Discretion Guidance Regarding the Affiliation Language of CERCLA's Bona Fide Prospective Purchaser and Contiguous Property Owner Liability Protections - (9/21/11)
Memorandum assists EPA personnel in, on site-specific basis, exercising the Agency's enforcement discretion regarding the affiliation language contained in the Superfund statute.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/guidance-affiliation-language-cerclas-bfpp-and-cpo-liability-protections (PDF 180 K)
CERCLA Lender Liability Exemption: Updated Questions and Answer - (7/1/07)
Updated fact sheet highlights the main rules and EPA policy governing CERCLA environmental liability for secured creditors (lenders) for the cleanup of contaminated property.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/fact-sheet-updated-questions-and-answers-cercla-lender-liability-exemption (PDF 62 KB)
Model Application/Information Request for the Service Station Dealer Exemption under Section 114(c) of CERCLA - (11/8/04)
Transmittal memorandum and model language document application/information request for service station dealers exemption under CERCLA
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/model-applicationinformation-request-service-station-dealer-exemption-under-cercla (PDF 55 K)
Interim Guidance on the Municipal Solid Waste Exemption Under CERCLA Section 107(p) - (8/20/03)
This interim guidance discusses CERCLA section 107(p) and identifies some factors EPA and DOJ will consider in exercising enforcement discretion with MSW generators at NPL sites. Supplements the 12/6/1989 and 2/5/1998 municipal settlement policy documents.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/interim-guidance-municipal-solid-waste-exemption-under-superfund (PDF 1,334K)
Revised Settlement Policy and Contribution Waiver Language Regarding Exempt De Micromis and Non-Exempt De Micromis Parties - (11/6/02)
Memo transmits revised policy & model contribution waiver language re new Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act. Includes 5 attachments of model language.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/guidance-settlement-policy-contribution-waiver-language-regarding-de-micromis-parties (PDF 480 KB)
Superfund Recycling Equity Act of 1999: Factors to Consider in a CERCLA Enforcement Case - (8/31/02)
Guidance addresses some of the key factors the Agency may consider, and has been developed in the exercise of the Agency's enforcement discretion.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/guidance-superfund-recycling-equity-act-exemption-factors (PDF 178 K)
Use of CERCLA Section 114(c) Service Station Dealers Exemption - (5/31/02)
Interim final policy providing a brief description of the service station dealer exemption under CERCLA for accepting used motor oil from do-it-yourselfer recyclers.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/guidance-superfunds-service-station-dealers-exemption (PDF 997 KB)
Municipal Immunity from CERCLA Liability for Property Acquired through Involuntary State Action - (10/20/95)
Memorandum sets forth EPA and DOJ policy regarding the government's enforcement of CERCLA against lenders and against government entities that acquire property involuntarily.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/guidance-municipal-immunity-cercla-liability-property-acquired-through-involuntary-state (PDF 279 KB)
Scope of the CERCLA Petroleum Exclusion Under Sections 101(14) and 104(a)(2) - (7/31/87)
Memorandum discusses whether contaminants in used oil or any other petroleum substance are within CERCLA's petroleum exclusion.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/guidance-scope-cercla-petroleum-exclusion (PDF 497 KB)

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