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EPA Brownfields Program

EPA's Brownfields Program empowers states, communities, and other stakeholders to work together to prevent, assess, safely clean up, and sustainably reuse brownfields. A brownfield site is real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. In 2002, the Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act was passed to help states and communities around the country cleanup and revitalize brownfields sites. Under this law, EPA provides financial assistance to eligible applicants through four competitive grant programs: assessment grants, revolving loan fund grants, cleanup grants, and job training grants. Additionally, funding support is provided to state and tribal response programs through a separate mechanism.

Cleanup Grant $170,213 for hazardous substances

EPA has selected the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community for a brownfields cleanup grant. Hazardous substances grant funds will be used to clean up the Lime Storage site at 12939 Casino Drive, Anacortes. The site was contaminated with heavy metals, dioxins, and creosote during several decades of use as an agricultural chemical storage and processing site. Grant funds will be used to excavate and remove contaminated soil, chemical debris, and creosote-treated wood pilings.

Community Description

The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community was selected to receive a brownfields cleanup grant. The Swinomish Indian Reservation is a peninsula on the southeast side of Fidalgo Island in Skagit County in northern Washington. Approximately 3,000 residents live on the reservation. The culture and economy of the community have centered on natural resources, including salmon, shellfish, and other marine resources. Contamination from the target site, which is on the Swinomish Channel, adversely impacts the marine environment. The Swinomish Tribe has high poverty and unemployment rates. The two main sources of income for the tribe are the Northern Lights Casino and the Chevron Station, which are adjacent to the cleanup site. This location is highly desirable for commercial development. When the target site is cleaned up, the community plans to redevelop it as part of a commercial complex that could include a hotel, stores, and a recreational pier.


For further information, including specific grant contacts, additional grant information, brownfields news and events, and publications and links, visit the EPA Brownfields Web site (http://www.epa.gov/brownfields).

EPA Region 10 Brownfields Team
EPA Region 10 Brownfields Web site (https://www.epa.gov/brownfields/brownfields-and-land-revitalization-washington-idaho-oregon-and-alaska)

Grant Recipient: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, WA

The information presented in this fact sheet comes from the grant proposal; EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of this information. The cooperative agreement for the grant has not yet been negotiated. Therefore, activities described in this fact sheet are subject to change.

EPA 560-F-10-172
April 2010
United States
Protection Agency
Washington, D.C. 20460
Solid Waste
and Emergency
Response (5105T)

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