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EPA Brownfields Program

EPA's Brownfields Program empowers states, communities, and other stakeholders to work together to prevent, assess, safely clean up, and sustainably reuse brownfields. A brownfield site is real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. In 2002, the Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act was passed to help states and communities around the country cleanup and revitalize brownfields sites. Under this law, EPA provides financial assistance to eligible applicants through four competitive grant programs: assessment grants, revolving loan fund grants, cleanup grants, and job training grants. Additionally, funding support is provided to state and tribal response programs through a separate mechanism.

Cleanup Grant

$200,000 for hazardous substances

EPA has selected the City of Rock Hill for a brownfields cleanup grant. Hazardous substances grant funds will be used to clean up the five-acre Arcade Mill site at 7 Blackwell Street. The mill opened in 1887 and operated primarily as a textile manufacturing facility until it burned down in 1997. The site is contaminated with chlorinated solvents, semi-volatile organic compounds, and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Grant funds will be used for cleanup planning, soil removal, and installation of a combined cap and vegetative cover on the site.

Community Description

The City of Rock Hill was selected to receive a brownfields cleanup grant. Rock Hill (population 49,765) once had an economy that was largely supported by the textile industry. The decline of this industry left the city with large, vacant, and contaminated mill properties. The Hagins Fewell neighborhood is one of Rock Hill's most historic communities, which began as a mill village associated with the targeted Arcade Mill site. The loss of the mill in 1997 destroyed the community's major employment center. Over the past decade, real and perceived site contamination has hindered investment in the community. The average household income in the area is significantly lower than the city or county averages, and 84 percent of residents are African-American. Site cleanup will substantially reduce threats to human health and the environment, and pave the way for the city to move forward with plans to build four to six affordable single-family homes along the eastern half of Blackwell Street. This redevelopment is expected to spur new investment in additional housing on 27 adjacent properties.


For further information, including specific grant contacts, additional grant information, brownfields news and events, and publications and links, visit the EPA Brownfields Web site (http://www.epa.gov/brownfields).

EPA Region 4 Brownfields Team
(404) 562-8792
EPA Region 4 Brownfields Web site (http://www.epa.gov/region4/waste/bf)

Grant Recipient: City of Rock Hill, SC
(803) 326-3817

The information presented in this fact sheet comes from the grant proposal; EPA cannot attest to the accuracy of this information. The cooperative agreement for the grant has not yet been negotiated. Therefore, activities described in this fact sheet are subject to change.

EPA 560-F-09-099
May 2009
United States
Protection Agency
Washington, D.C. 20460
Land and
Management (5105T)

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