EPA Science Inventory

Leveraging Small Aquarium Fishes to Advance Understanding of Environmentally Influenced Human Disorders and Diseases

Citation:

Hamm, J., D. Allen, W. Casey, M. Behl, D. Hinton, J. Kanungo, S. Kullman, C. Mattingly, A. Planchart, T. Tal, AND C. Weis. Leveraging Small Aquarium Fishes to Advance Understanding of Environmentally Influenced Human Disorders and Diseases. Presented at 9th World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, Prague, CZECH REPUBLIC, August 24 - 28, 2014.

Description:

Small aquarium fishes provide a model organism that recapitulates the development, physiology and specific disease processes present in humans without the many limitations of rodent-based models currently in use. Fish models offer advantages in cost, rapid life-cycles, and external embryonic development. However, they remain relatively modest contributors to understanding the effects of environmental chemical exposures on human health. A workshop organized by NC State University, Duke University, NIH, NIEHS, EPA, and FDA explored how aquatic models could be used to (1) screen and prioritize compounds for further in vivo testing and (2) assess mechanisms of chemical toxicity and how this knowledge can impact environmental and human health. The workshop brought together experts from academia, industry, and government to develop a framework to assist in integrating toxicology data from aquatic models with testing initiatives currently underway to enhance risk and safety assessments of chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Workshop participants identified research initiatives that address current information gaps in risk and safety assessments for multi-organ toxicity, longitudinal studies to assess long-term consequences of chronic exposures, and the embryonic basis of adult disease. This project was funded in whole or in part with Federal funds from the NIEHS, NIH under Contract No. N01-ES-35504. Word Count: 200/200

Purpose/Objective:

Promote the Agency's approach to priortizing chemicals for further toxicity testing using small aquatic fishes. Will be presented at the 9th World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, August 24-28, 2014, Prague, Czech Republic

URLs/Downloads:

TTALAQUATICWORKSHOP.DOC

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Completion Date: 08/29/2014
Record Last Revised: 08/29/2014
Record Created: 08/29/2014
Record Released: 08/29/2014
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 285191

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB

INTEGRATED SYSTEMS TOXICOLOGY DIVISION

GENETIC AND CELLULAR TOXICOLOGY BRANCH