EPA Science Inventory

Decontamination of Radiological Agents from Drinking Water Infrastructure: A Literature Review and Summary

Citation:

Szabo, J. AND S. Minamyer. Decontamination of Radiological Agents from Drinking Water Infrastructure: A Literature Review and Summary. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 72:129-132, (2014).

Description:

Journal Article

Purpose/Objective:

This report summarizes the current state of knowledge on the persistence of radiological agents on drinking water infrastructure (such as pipes) along with information on decontamination should persistence occur. Decontamination options for drinking water infrastructure have been explored for some important radiological agents (cesium, strontium and cobalt), but important data gaps remain. Although some targeted experiments have been published on cesium, strontium and cobalt persistence on drinking water infrastructure, most of the data comes from nuclear clean-up sites. Furthermore, the studies focused on drinking water systems use non-radioactive surrogates. Non-radioactive cobalt was shown to be persistent on iron due to oxidation with free chlorine in drinking water and precipitation on the iron surface. Decontamination with acidification was an effective removal method. Strontium persistence on iron was transient in tap water, but adherence to cement-mortar has been demonstrated and should be further explored. Cesium persistence on iron water infrastructure was observed when flow was stagnant, but not with water flow present. Future research suggestions focus on expanding the available cesium, strontium and cobalt persistence data to other common infrastructure materials, specifically cement-mortar. Further exploration chelating agents and low pH treatment is recommended for future decontamination studies.

URLs/Downloads:

DECONTAMINATION OF RADIOLOGICAL AGENTS FROM DRINKING WATER INFRASTRUCTURE: A LITERATURE REVIEW AND SUMMARY   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Start Date: 08/11/2014
Completion Date: 08/11/2014
Record Last Revised: 08/27/2014
Record Created: 08/11/2014
Record Released: 08/11/2014
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 283480

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HOMELAND SECURITY RESEARCH CENTER

WATER INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION DIVISION