EPA Science Inventory

AIR QUALITY: WHAT OUR PATIENTS WISH WE KNEW!

Citation:

Dye, J. AIR QUALITY: WHAT OUR PATIENTS WISH WE KNEW! In Proceedings, 31st American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) Annual Forum, Seattle, WA, June 12 - 15, 2013. Curran Associates, Inc., Red Hook, NY, 693-694, (2014).

Description:

INTRODUCTION In this session we will review health effects associated with commonly encountered outdoor (ambient) pollutants as well as indoor (residential) contaminants (e.g., irritants, allergens, and even toxins). Several ambient air pollutants readily permeate indoor spaces too. Because we spend most of our lives indoors, as do most of our small animal companions, we will also discuss how related home conditions (e.g., excessive dampness, poor ventilation) can further worsen indoor air quality. Exposures may be acute, with one or more pets (and owners) experiencing signs within a relatively short period. More often, however, exposures are episodic or chronic, occurring over prolonged periods, making it difficult to establish connections between respiratory signs and poor indoor air quality. This is in part because of the non-specificity of associated signs, and, in part, because multiple toxicants may be involved. Furthermore, one's perception of air quality is quite subjective, making inferences to pets even more problematic. Underlying respira-tory conditions further complicate the clinical picture, as such individuals are often more sensitive to (and affected by) lower concen-trations than are seemingly problematic for healthy housemates. In the sections that follow, agents will be broken down by class and discussed briefly. In all, we will focus on every day insults and their potential to cause and/or exacerbate airway disease. Further in-formation may be obtained in a recent review (Dye 2013) and other references and websites listed below.

Purpose/Objective:

This lecture will review health effects associated with commonly encountered outdoor (ambient) air pollutants as well as indoor (residential) contaminants (e.g., irritants, allergens, and even toxins). Such agents will be broken down by class and discussed in brief. In all, we will focus on every day insults and their potential to cause and/or exacerbate airway disease. Because owners and their small animal companions spend most of their lives indoors, this session will also discuss how related home conditions (e.g., excessive dampness, poor ventilation) can further worsen indoor air quality.

URLs/Downloads:

ORD-003506-INTRODUCTION.PDF   (PDF,NA pp, 148.28 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS)
Completion Date: 08/08/2014
Record Last Revised: 08/08/2014
Record Created: 08/08/2014
Record Released: 08/08/2014
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 283363

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB

ENVIRONMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH DIVISION

CARDIOPULMONARY AND IMMUNOTOXICOLOGY BRANCH