You are here:
Urban Effects on Microbial Processes and Food Webs in Coastal Watershed Streams
Smucker, N., A. Kuhn, M. Charpentier, C. Cruz-Quinones, C. Elonen, B. Hill, Jim Lake, J. Serbst, S. Whorley, AND J. Wehr. Urban Effects on Microbial Processes and Food Webs in Coastal Watershed Streams. Presented at Symposium on Urbanization and Stream Ecology (3rd), Portland, OR, May 15 - 17, 2014.
We conducted a stream survey in the Narragansett Bay Watershed that targeted a gradient of development intensity and examined how associated changes in nutrients, carbon, and stressors affected periphyton and macroinvertebrates. Concentrations of nutrients, cations, and anions were positively correlated with greater watershed development. National Land Cover Data (30 m2) underestimated and overestimated impervious cover at low and high intensities, respectively, when compared to higher resolution land cover data (<5 m2). These differences affected model predictions of nutrient concentrations and could affect where ecological responses are predicted to occur along development gradients. Microbial enzyme activities indicated changes in nutrient availability, and respiration decreased as the ratio of glycosidases to oxidases decreased, potentially indicating lower quality of DOC in urban streams. We are also quantifying δ15N, δ13C, and fatty acids in periphyton and macroinvertebrates to further examine how watershed development affects ecological communities and food webs by altering sources and availability of nutrients and carbon. Lastly, landscape indicators are being developed using GIS to characterize how spatial patterns of land cover are linked to stream conditions.
Watershed development is a leading cause of stream impairment. This research examines how watershed development affects periphyton and macroinvertebrates by altering the sources and concentrations of nutrients, carbon, and stressors. Results can be used to develop indicators and inform monitoring and management decisions.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/SLIDE)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB
ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION
WATERSHED DIAGNOSTICS BRANCH