EPA Science Inventory

Using integrated environmental modeling to automate a process-based Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment

Citation:

Whelan, G., K. Kim, R. Parmar, K. Wolfe, M. Galvin, P. Duda, M. Gray, M. Molina, R. Zepp, Y. Pachepsky, J. Ravenscroft, L. Prieto, AND B. Kitchens. Using integrated environmental modeling to automate a process-based Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment. In Proceedings, 7th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software (iEMSs), San Diego, CA, June 15 - 19, 2014. International Environmental Modelling and Software Society, Manno, Switzerland, 1-8, (2014).

Description:

Integrated Environmental Modeling (IEM) organizes multidisciplinary knowledge that explains and predicts environmental-system response to stressors. A Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) is an approach integrating a range of disparate data (fate/transport, exposure, and human health effects relationships) to characterize potential health impacts/risks from exposure to pathogenic microorganisms. We demonstrate loosely connected IEM legacy technologies (SDMProjectBuilder, Microbial Source Module, HSPF, and BASINS) to support watershed-scale microbial source-to-receptor modeling, focusing on animal-impacted catchments. The coupled models automate manual steps in standard watershed assessments to expedite the process, minimize resources, increase ease of use, and introduce more science-based processes to the analysis. SDMProjectBuilder accesses, retrieves, analyzes, and caches web-based data. The Microbial Source Module provides estimates of microbial loading rates within a watershed; HSPF simulates flow and microbial fate/transport within a watershed; and BASINS provides a user interface to access/modify HSPF files and provide visualization tools. The assessment performs HUC-12 or pour point analyses; automates watershed delineation and data-collection; pre-populates HSPF input requirements, accounting for snow accumulation/melt, microbial fate/transport, and different time increments (hourly, daily, etc.); assigns NLDAS radar meteorological data automatically to individual HUC-12s when observed data are scarce, incorrect, or insufficient; and processes manure-based source terms to estimate manure/microbial loads on subwatersheds automatically, based on number of animals, septic systems, etc. that correlate to land-use patterns.

Purpose/Objective:

Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software (iEMSs), San Diego, CA, June 15-19, 2014.

URLs/Downloads:

http://www.iemss.org/society/index.php/iemss-2014-proceedings   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS)
Completion Date: 05/27/2014
Record Last Revised: 05/27/2014
Record Created: 05/27/2014
Record Released: 05/27/2014
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 276890

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LAB

ECOSYSTEMS RESEARCH DIVISION