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A DECADE OF MAPPING SUBMERGED AQUATIC VEGETATION USING COLOR INFRARED AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY: METHODS USED AND LESSONS LEARNED - 5-14-2014
Clinton, Pat, D. Young, AND D. Specht. A DECADE OF MAPPING SUBMERGED AQUATIC VEGETATION USING COLOR INFRARED AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY: METHODS USED AND LESSONS LEARNED - 5-14-2014. Presented at Central Coast GIS Users Group, Newport, OR, May 14, 2014.
Annual color infrared (CIR) aerial photographs acquired annually between 1997 and 2007 were used to classify distributions of intertidal and shallow subtidal native eelgrass Zostera marina and non-indigenous dwarf eelgrass Z. japonica in lower Yaquina estuary, Oregon. The use of digitally orthorectified aerial photography acquired at extreme low tides enabled very high resolution imagery from 15 to 25 centimeter ground pixels. The use of false-color infrared film enabled a high contrast between submerged aquatic vegetation beds and bare substrate not visible in true color (RGB) film. The initial success of this remote sensing method inspired similar efforts in nine other Pacific Northwest (PNW) estuaries from Willapa Bay, WA to Humboldt Bay, CA. Innovative techniques developed during the course of the project included a flight planning tool and a hybrid image classification methodology. The decadal study enabled the mapping of spatio-temporal patterns in the distribution of intertidal vegetation including an exponential expansion of the distribution of non-indigenous dwarf eelgrass Z. japonica in Yaquina Bay. The methods developed in this study are applicable for use with four band digital aerial photography.
A methodology to monitor the spatio-temporal distributions of intertidal eelgrass has been developed and successfully demonstrated. This technique should be of great interest to aquatic resource managers in the Pacific Northwest and beyond. The eelgrass species Zostera marina is the dominant estuarine seagrass on the Pacific Northwest coast of North America and provides important ecosystem services and functions. The loss of eelgrass bed acreage due to environmental pressures is of world-wide concern. The expansion of the non-indigenous dwarf eelgrass Z. japonica in the Pacific Northwest is of considerable regional concern.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB
WESTERN ECOLOGY DIVISION
PACIFIC COASTAL ECOLOGY BRANCH